Cheilitis is a broad term that is used to describe the inflammatory condition of the lips, cheilitis also called chapped lips
Cheilitis can occur in perioral skin(the skin around the mouth), vermilion border (the junction of the lips and skin), or labial mucosa (the mucous membrane lining the inner aspect of the lips.
Oral thrush -if the infection becomes untreated it may spread to the mouth and cause ulceration of the mouth called oral thrush
Cancer- sometimes this condition is developed into skin cancer but it rare condition
1. Angular cheilitis - In this cheilitis, the affection occurs at the corners of the mouth, maybe one corner or both corners will be affected.
Cause -it is mainly found in children and elderly people because it occurs due to excess drooling of saliva, and the collection of excessive saliva around the corners of the mouth leads to a favorable environment for the development of the microorganism, such as yeast called candida, it is the most common cause
Symptoms -this condition is characterized by cracks and fissures at the corners of the mouth, the formation of blisters, redness, and bleeding of the corners of the mouth, itching, scaly lips, and sometimes crust may form around the corners of the mouth
2. Actinic cheilitis -this is an inflammation of the lips but usually it appears on the lower lip, it is caused by damage to the lip epithelium, it is the outermost layer of the lips. It is a painless condition, but it may lead to squamous cell carcinoma.
Cause -it is caused by long-term exposure to sunlight, and also it is found in people who live in damp areas.
Symptoms-the initial symptoms of this type are dry and cracking of the lips, as the condition develops there is the formation of a white scaly patch(leukokeratosis) on the lip with a red and swollen lip, it generally occurs on lower lips. Tightness and wrinkles of the skin, tenderness, soreness, loss of demarcation between the lower lip and surrounding skin
3. Granulomatous cheilitis-this condition is related to underlying diseases such as Crohn's disease, sarcoids, allergy, infection, or cancer.
Symptoms-cracking of lips, headache, fever, and maybe mild lymph node becomes enlarged
4. Exfoliative cheilitis-it is a rare reactive condition and it manifests as continuous peeling of lips.
Cause-it occurs due to poor oral hygiene, bad habits such as constant picking or biting of the lips, and sometimes HIV may be associated
Symptoms -initially there is the formation of thickened surface layer, there is peeling of the lips and lips look red, the condition may become painful, causing difficulty in eating, and speaking, the hemorrhagic crust may form after bleeding from lips dryness of lips, tingling sensation and maybe sometimes itching of the lips
5. Lichenoid cheilitis -this condition is found in a person who already suffers from lichen planus that affects the lips or skin around the lips.
Cause- the exact cause is unknown but it may be triggered after some medications such as beta-blockers and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and it is also genetic and weak immune system.
Symptoms-appearance white patches in the mouth or web-like threads, it may be slightly raised but it is a painless condition. In some cases may ulcer develop in the mouth which causes difficulty in eating, and drinking and become painful
6. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus-this type is associated with systemic lupus erythematosus, the main symptom of SLE is butterfly rash if these rashes spread to the mouth it cause scaling and formation of plaques on the lips.
7. Cheilitis glandularis- in this condition there is a progressive enlargement of the lower lip, this condition is also associated with long-term exposure to sun rays, smoking, and repeated lip biting, due to this activity the delicate labial mucosa of the lower lip becomes swollen and tenderness.
8. Eczematous cheilitis - this condition is associated with some allergens such as lipstick or another cosmetic item. If a person has an allergy to this article it leads to itching, cracking, and peeling of the skin of the lips. This condition is also related to atopic dermatitis.
DIAGNOSIS OF CHEILITIS
Diagnosis of the cheilitis is made by
The main aim of the treatment of this condition is to remove the present infection in the body and keep the area dry to prevent the regrowth of the infection
The conventional treatment is antifungal cream, ointments are available if the infection is caused by bacteria then the doctor prescribes antibacterial cream.
All these treatments are not safe and permanent is just only remove the superficial; symptoms but in homeopathy, this condition is treated from the root and gives a permanent cure.
HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT OF CHEILITIS
Homeopathy gives safe and effective treatment it cures the disease gently and permanently, strengthens the immune system, and prevents the recurrence of infection, but never take homeopathic medicine without proper consultation from a homeopathy registered practitioner
Some homeopathic medicines are condurango,natrum mur, nitric acid ,sulphuric acid,petroleum,graphites
Do’s and don’ts