WHAT IS CELIAC DISEASE?
Celiac disease is a digestive, autoimmune genetic disorder affecting both adults and children this condition is triggered by consuming a protein called gluten, gluten is a complex protein found in some foods substance like barley, rye, and wheat.
Any person with celiac disease eats anything which contains gluten, their body overreacts to the protein as a result it damages the villi, which are small finger-like projections found along the small intestine
Absorption through the small intestine is affected due to injured small intestine as a result nutrients from the small intestine not fully absorbed this can lead to malabsorption, due to malabsorption it cause various problems such as loss of bone density, miscarriage, infertility, even sometimes it also leads to neurological diseases
In children, malabsorption can affect growth and in adults it causes symptoms
Celiac disease is also known as
- Celiac spur
- Non-tropical sprue
- Gluten-sensitive enteropathy
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS FOR CELIAC DISEASE?
- Family history -celiac disease runs in families, the chance of developing celiac disease increase if people with first-degree relatives with celiac disease (parents, child, siblings) have a 1 in 10 risk of developing or having a history of dermatitis herpetiformis.
- Genetic disorder -people who suffer from other autoimmune disorders are more prone to developing celiac disease, some autoimmune disorders such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes, thyroid disorder, Addison's disease, Sjogren's syndrome, Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, lactose intolerance, autoimmune liver diseases
- Environmental factors - when you have a family history still you consume a gluten-rich diet, others are smoking, sedentary lifestyle makes you prone to it.
WHAT ARE THE COMPLICATIONS OF CELIAC DISEASE?
If the celiac remains untreated it leads to certain types of cancer such as Intestinal lymphoma and adenocarcinoma of the small intestines, pharynx, and of the esophagus. In children, if remain untreated it leads to small height
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CELIAC DISEASE?
Symptoms can vary from person to person and it depends upon various factors such as
- Breastfeeding -the length of time a person was breastfed, as symptoms tend to appear later in those who were breastfed for a long time.
- Age -the age someone strained eating gluten
- Amount -at what amount gluten is consumed
- Severity -The severity of intestinal damage
There is a difference between symptoms of adults and children
Digestive symptoms of adults:
Adults are less likely to have digestive symptoms with only - one-third experiencing diarrhea. Celiac disease can cause inflammation in the digestive tract and the nutrients are not absorbed fully which may lead to many digestive symptoms like:
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Mouth ulcers
- Bloating and gas
- Weight loss
- Cankers sores inside the mouth
- Tooth discoloration or loss of enamel
Other symptoms in adults are: (majority of these symptoms occur due to lack of nutrients in tour body)
- Unexplained iron deficiency anemia
- Vitamins and mineral deficiencies
- Lactose intolerance
- Pancreatic insufficiency
- Gallbladder malfunction
- Bone or joint pain
- Osteoporosis or osteopenia (bones become weak and brittles )
- Liver and biliary tract disorder(fatty liver, primary sclerosing cholangitis, etc)
- Peripheral neuropathy (tingling, numbness, or pain in the hands and feet)
- Seizures or migraine
- Infertility or miscarriage
- Irregular menses
- Irritability during menses
Dermatitis herpetiformis in this symptoms itchy skin rashes made up of bumps and blisters, it may develop on the elbows, buttocks, and knees.
SYMPTOMS IN CHILDREN
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Pale ,fatty,foul-smelling stools
- Chronic diarrhea
- Swollen belly
- Bloating feeling
- Failure to thrive
- Delayed puberty
- Short stature
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF CELIAC DISEASE?
The exact cause is unknown which exactly triggers the celiac disease, but it is an autoimmune genetic disorder so some factors as described above make the person susceptible to develop celiac disease .the chances of developing celiac disease increase when changes occur in genes , or variants ,certain gene variants and other factors,such as environmental factors can lead to celiac disease.
Diagnosis and treatment
- Blood test -blood test include screened for antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptide(TTG) and sometimes antigliadin and endomysium antibodies
- To confirm the celiac disease doctors recommended various tests such as CBC,liver function test,cholesterol test,alkaline phosphatase level test
- Serum albumin test
- Skin and small intestine biopsy also recommended
- If the blood report or skin biopsy is negative then endoscopy is done to check out the status of villi is it damage or not
Conventionally and currently treatment of celiac disease is adherence to a strict gluten free diet ,
For deficiency of vitamins and minerals doctors may prescribe some supplements.
If patient having skin rash ,medication for the skin rashes is recommended
All these treatments are conventional not permanent so homeopathic medicine are safe,effective and permanent.
The only effective management of the diseases is to manage gluten free diet
- Avoid all the foods which contain gluten such as pasta ,bread cakes pies,crackers,cookies,beer,sauces,gravies
- Take healthy gluten free diet such as eggs ,meat, dairy products ,fruits,vegetables ,nuts , legumes,healthy fats,herbs and spices.
- Some people also facing lactose intolerance so avoid lactose diet
Homeopathy medicines will you in reducing the symptoms and also improve your immunity to fight with the conditions some medicine such as
Natrum sulph , china ,lyco ,arsenic album,kali carb,carbo veg, sulphur
But It is important to take these remedies only after consulting a registered homoeopath
Do’s and don'ts
- Non-cereals such as amaranth,quinoa,or buckwheat are harmless so should add in diet ,
- Potato and banana and garbanzo beans they do not contain gluten and not trigger symptoms
- Keep hydrated ,drinks lots of water
- Add fruits and vegetables in your diet
- Do exercise daily
- Avoid all the food contains gluten
- Avoid smoking and alcohol
- Avoid processed food
- Avoid spicy and oily food
- Avoid mental stress