Anxiety is an unusual feeling which is aroused in the body when there is any unconditional situation in front of you. Anxiety is due to a ‘fight or flight response which is a defense mechanism of the body to take care of dangerous situation such as in a forest but as the human has evolved there are rarely such situations so anxiety can be seen as butterflies in the stomach.
Anxiety would make you feel that things are worse although they are not that big. Anxiety prevents from taking decisions, causes a lack of confidence, difficulty in carrying out daily chores.
Minor anxiety is part of everyone's life but it is an issue when it starts affecting your life along with people around you. If the stressors continue to build up then anxiety becomes an issue.
PHOBIAS: in this disorder, the person has fear regarding some specific things and can not even have a thought of the situation. So whenever the person is exposed to that particular thing; anxiety levels shoot up profoundly.
PANIC DISORDER: in this disorder there is an unpredictable causeless panic attack of anxiety in the person causing shortness of breath, trembling, sweating, and faintness.
OCD: in this disorder, there are obsessional thoughts with compulsive urges. These urges would compel the person to perform a task again and again.
POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER: in this disorder, the person experiences a flashback of previous traumas and stays in the shade of them.
The exact cause of anxiety is not known but certain triggers can be judged which initiate and aggravate anxiety. Other factors associated with anxiety are:
Full history and evaluation of symptoms are enough to diagnose an anxiety disorder and tests are performed to rule out other psychiatric disorders/ pathology.
There are many homeopathic medicines like Argentum nitricum, pulsatilla, aconite, belladonna, Silicea, cimicifuga, etc which can be given but always after thorough case taking.