WHAT IS IMPETIGO?
Impetigo is a common and contagious skin infection.it mainly affects infants and children.
The most affected areas are:
It manifests as red sores on the face, especially around a child’s nose and mouth and on hands and feet.
When these sores burst it forms honey-colored crusts
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS FOR IMPETIGO?
- Dialysis undergoing persons
- A weak immune system such as from HIV
- Skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, scabies, herpes simplex, or chickenpox
- Insects bite or poison ivy.
- Crowded conditions -impetigo easily spreads in schools and childcare settings.
- Warm, humid weather- this infection is common in summer
- Certain sports -some games in which skin-to-skin contacts, such as football or wrestling.
- Broken skin -the bacteria that cause impetigo may enter through a small skin injury, insects bite, or rash
- Age -mainly it occurs in children ages 2 to 5.
WHAT ARE THE COMPLICATIONS OF IMPETIGO?
Generally, the rashes heal without scaring, rare complications include:
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF IMPETIGO?
- Sore -The initial symptoms of impetigo are reddish sores on the skin, these sores quickly grow into blisters, ooze, burst, and then form a yellowish or honey crust.
- Sores can be itchy
- Painful sores sometimes
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF IMPETIGO?
The causative agent is staphylococcus bacteria, sometimes group A streptococcus may also cause it.
This condition is highly infectious, these bacteria enter the skin through any break in the skin and then form a colony in the body. This condition is also spread by the touch of sore of a person with impetigo or contaminated items like towels, clothes, sheets, or any other contaminated articles.
DIAGNOSIS OF IMPETIGO
- Generally, impetigo is diagnosed by physical examination
- Lab tests are generally not necessary.
TREATMENT OF IMPETIGO
- Antibiotics drugs
- Wet compression
MANAGEMENT OF IMPETIGO
- Keep skin always clean, and always wash any cuts, scrapes, insect bites, and other wounds immediately
- Wash an infected person’s clothes, linen, and towels, and don’t share them with anyone else in your family.
- Wear gloves when applying antibiotic ointment and wash your hands thoroughly afterward.
- Cut infected nails short to prevent damage from scratching.
- Gently wash the affected areas with mild soap and running water and then cover lightly with gauze.
- Wash hands frequently
- Keep your child home until your doctor says he or she isn’t contagious.
HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT OF IMPETIGO
- Arsenic album
- Hepar sulph
- Rhus tox
DO'S AND DON'TS
- Maintain hygiene.
- Clean the clothes and articles around the infected person and dry the clothes in sun.
- Keep the rashes clean.
- Eat a healthy diet and keep yourself hydrated.
- Clip short your nails.
- Don't scratch the rashes
- Don't smoke
- Don't consume alcohol
- Don't share your personal items with anyone.