Periungual Warts also known as Nail Warts or Fingernail Warts is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV can enter the skin through a cut or scrape. They are cluster around the nails (fingernail or toenail). They appear as thickened, fissured, cauliflower like skin around the nails. Nail biting increases susceptibility to these warts.
At first they are about the size of a pinhead smooth, shiny and virtually impossible to spot. But after a week or months they grow to the size of a pea and have rough, irregular bumps that can affect nail. In the most severe cases nail can be permanently deformed and this can lead to fungal infection
Various risk factors for periungual warts include:
If periungual warts are not treated they may cause permanent damage to the skin and nails. The nails may get deformed permanently.
Further infection may also be seen in soft tissues and surrounding areas.
Periungual warts caused by the HPV (the human papillomavirus). This virus can be present in many people without showing any indication of a warts.
Periungual warts found in persons who pick and bite their nails.Broken skin allows easy entry for the virus. Periungual warts often cause loss of the cuticle and paronychia. These kind of warts cause damage to the nail by lifting the nail from the skin or causing the nail to partially detach.
HPV is found on surface of things used by an infected person so if someone else comes in contact with the surface they also contract the infection.
Visual appearance and the location is enough for diagnosing a case of perungual warts as periungual warts develop around the finger and toenails.They appear as thickened,fissured cauliflower-like skin around the nail plate. They can cause discomfort or pain and may disrupt nail growth.
In case of doubt scrapings of the hyperkeratotic area can be sent for evaluation.
Conventional treatment for periungual warts include salicylic acid, cryotherapy, laser therapy, surgical removal, antigen injections but theses treatments are not permanent as they can regrow and come back in more fierce form. Thus homeopathic treatment is best treatment for periungual warts.
Periungual warts are contagious and can infect even during the course of treatment. Following steps would help with the cases of periungual warts:
There are medicines like thuja, natrum mur, graphites, nitric acid, ranunculuc bulbosus etc which can remove the periungual warts completely without recurrence. But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopaty has permanent cure for periungual warts.