Uterine fibroids otherwise known as leiomyomas are benign/non-cancerous growths in the uterus that usually appear during the childbearing age in females. The fibroids are composed of the same lining as the uterus but are a bit denser than the uterine lining.
The fibroids are never associated with the predisposition of cancer and never turn malignant/ cancerous. There could be a single fibroid or more than one as well and the size may vary from a seedling to large enough to enlarge the size of the uterus and become palpable. Most women have no symptoms from the fibroid and spend almost normal life with them but in some cases, the trouble a lot.
In many cases, uterine fibroids are accidentally diagnosed during a pelvic examination or ultrasound.
Age: the risk of developing fibroids increases with age up to the menopausal age as fibroids are oestrogen dependent. After menopause, there is a natural production of oestrogen that decreases and the fibroids shrink afterwards.
Oral contraceptive pills: much use of OCPs increase the risk of the development of fibroids.
Obesity: obese women are more prone to the development of fibroids.
Race: black women are three times more vulnerable to the development of fibroids.
Family history: Those who have a family history of fibroids are more likely to develop fibroids.
Depending on the location; fibroids can be of the following types:
Subserosal fibroids: are located beneath the outermost layer (serosa) of the uterus.
Submucosal fibroids: are located in the uterine cavity beneath the innermost layer of the uterus (mucosa).
Intramural fibroids: are located within the wall of the uterine lining.
Pedunculated fibroids: can grow inside or outside of the uterus but are attached through a stalk to the uterus.
Pelvic examination and ultrasound are enough to diagnose fibroid
Usually when symptoms are not severe conservative treatment is done as the fibroids automatically shrink after menopause due to natural deprivation of oestrogen. Otherwise following treatments are given:
Management of a case of fibroid includes:
Homoeopathic management includes the selection of medicine after thorough case analysis which could help the patient to feel better in everything. There are many medicines like sepia, pulsatilla, sulphur, graphites, tuberculinum, arsenic alb, psorinum, natrum mur etc which can help the patient with every symptom of fibroid. Thus the patient can live towards normal life with fibroid till menopause.