WHAT IS SCABIES?
Scabies is a highly contagious skin condition caused by a mite, known as the Sarcoptes scabiei, which burrows under the skin and produces small red bumps(looking like small pimples), causing severe itching.
WHAT ER THE RISK FACTORS FOR SCABIES?
People who are more likely to get scabies are those who:
- live in crowded areas
- Infants and children
- Elderly - especially those living in nursing homes.
- Healthcare workers who nurse people are not aware of having scabies.
WHAT ARE THE COMPLICATIONS OF SCABIES?
Intense scratching can lead to scratch marks, scab formation, or a secondary infection like staphylococcus or beta- haemolyticus, through broken skin.
Direct skin-to-skin contact is the mode of transmission.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF SCABIES?
- Severe itching, aggravated towards evening and night
- Itching is so severe that it can even lead to loss of sleep at night and there are scratch marks present all over the body.
- Multiple small bumps on the skin, over a period of months.
- Scabies may involve the webs between the fingers, wrists, back of the elbows, knees, around the waist and umbilicus, genital area, and the buttocks.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF SCABIES?
It is caused by an infestation of the skin by a mite, Sarcoptes scabiei. They lay their eggs and burrow into the skin to produce intense itching, which tends to be worse at night.
DIAGNOSIS OF SCABIES
Most cases of scabies can be confirmed just by close examination of the skin. No additional test is required to make the diagnosis.
TREATMENT OF SCABIES
Scabies is conventionally treated with a cream that contains a medicine called permethrin. The cream is applied all over the body from head to toe and left overnight before washing it off in the morning.
MANAGEMENT OF SCABIES
- Wash regular clothes and bedclothes in hot water as mites don't live for more than 74 hrs, away from the body.
- Avoid scratching as much as possible as it can lead to scab formation or a secondary infection.
- Avoid direct contact with those having scabies.
- Make sure family members and others in close contact with the infected person get checked for scabies.
HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT OF SCABIES
Some of the common useful homeopathic medicines in the case of scabies are Carbo veg, ars album, hepar sulph, causticum, lycopodium, etc.
DO’S AND DON’TS
- Wash clothes with hot water and expose them to the sun for a long period of time.
- Get yourself and your family members checked by the doctor if suspected.
- Avoid any kind of direct contact with the affected person.
- Avoid scratching.