Postpartum thyroiditis is a relatively uncommon and temporary condition seen in some women after delivery, up to 12 months.
The thyroid gland present in front of our neck releases thyroid hormones that help our body in maintaining daily essential metabolic activities. Post-pregnancy, due to the reasons mentioned below, its functions get modified and it can lead to both hyperthyroidism as well as hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is seen in the first phase, leading to hypothyroidism later on.
Your risk of developing postpartum thyroiditis is more if:
It is usually a self-limiting condition that gets resolved on its own with time but in 1 of 5 women, if left untreated, can lead to permanent hypothyroidism.
Women with postpartum thyroiditis have a high chance of developing postpartum depression.
The first phase is hyperthyroidism and takes place between 1st to 6th months. There are no specific symptoms in the initial weeks. So most women despite having hyperthyroidism may not even know it. But some may experience sudden anxiety, wt loss, feeling warm, palpitations, and excessive hair loss.
In the second phase i.e., hypothyroidism, lasting up to 1 year. Patients complain of weight gain, depression, unexplained lethargy, constipation, intolerance to cold, etc.
Women with asymptomatic autoimmune thyroid conditions can develop postpartum thyroiditis post-pregnancy. The antibodies start attacking the thyroid gland, causing its inflammation, leading to hyperthyroidism and later hypothyroidism. The reason behind the presence of these antibodies is still unknown.
This condition can be diagnosed by taking out a blood sample and testing your thyroid profile via it. This is enough to make a diagnosis.
Conventional treatment of postpartum thyroiditis varies with the phase that the patient is going through when brought to the physician. Women experiencing hyperthyroidism are treated with beta-blockers while those in the hypothyroid phase are usually treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy.
As postpartum thyroiditis is supposedly a self-limiting condition, homeopathic medicine can help you in treating the present symptoms as well as removing the tendency from your body so that you can have a normal postpartum period in your further pregnancies. Homeopathic treatment for Hypothyroid also helps in overcoming lifelong complications. Apart from constitutional medicines, many acute medicines can be prescribed depending upon your presenting symptoms such as thyroidinum, iodum, calc phos, lapis alba, spongia etc.