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Lactose intolerance is the inability to digest/ metabolise lactose, which is a sugar mainly found in milk and milk products.
SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES
Symptoms develop within half an hour to 2 hours of lactose ingestion.
Symptoms of lactose intolerance include-
Lactose intolerance never causes constipation.
It occurs because of deficiency of an enzyme that is required to digest lactose in the small intestine. It may decrease in cases of-
Certain digestive diseases such as :
Stomach or intestinal infections and injuries to the small intestine as from surgery, any trauma, chemotherapy etc. may reduce the amount of enzyme needed to process lactose properly.
Some children even have congenital deficiency of this enzyme.In this case, infants are unable to break down the lactose present in breast milk.