WHAT IS BRONCHIECTASIS?
Bronchiectasis is a chronic respiratory condition in which respiratory airways become excessively dilated. In these dilated airways, mucus gets buildup that makes them thick and can lead to infection.
Bronchiectasis can occur because if you are suffering from:
- Cystic fibrosis
- Weakened immune system
- Autoimmune diseases
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Alfa-1-antitrypsin deficiency
- Infective lung diseases.
- recurrent pneumonia requiring hospitalization,
- lung abscess,
- progressive respiratory failure
- chronic bronchial infection
SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES
- Chronic recurrent cough
- Large amount of sputum with blood
- Blood with cough
- Difficulty in breathing
- Easy fatigue
- Frequent respiratory infection
Bronchiectasis may be caused by cystic fibrosis (CF), a genetic condition that cause overproduction of mucus.
For non-CF bronchiectasis, the causes may include:
- Past severe lung infection
- Genetic diseases like primary ciliary dyskinesia or alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
- Suppressed immune system
- Other autoimmune conditions
- Aspirating (breathing in) things like fluids into lungs
- Obstructed airways (airways blocked by something like a tumor or an inhaled object)