WHAT IS HYPERTENSION?
Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure ,in this condition blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Blood pressure measures how much blood is passing through your blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood meets while the heart is pumping.
Hypertension is quite a common condition .
Types of hypertension
- Primary hypertension is also called essential hypertension.
This type of hypertension develops gradually and no exact cause behind this but some triggering factors which cause primary hypertension.
This type of hypertension due to underlying cause in body.
Risk factors for essential and secondary high blood pressure include:
- Age- the risk factors of high blood pressure increase as a person becomes older because the blood vessels become less flexible.
- Family history- persons having a family history of hypertension are very prone for hypertension.
- Ethnic background- african-american people have a higher risk of developing hypertension than others.
- Obesity and being overweight- obese persons are more likely to develop high blood pressure.
- Sex- more common in adult male more than female.
- Physical inactivity-lack of exercise and having a sedentary lifestyle raises the risk of hypertension.
- Alcohol intake- excessive intake of alcohol can also raise the risk of hypertension.
- Using tobacco- smoking,chewing tobacco or in any form of tobacco.
- Poor diet-diet in which amount of fats and salts are leads to high risk of hypertension.
- High cholesterol- a diet contain lots of unhealthy fat can cause cholesterol to build up in the arteries.
- Mental stress- stress have a severe impact on blood pressure,especially in chronic case.it can occur as a result of both socioeconomic and psychosocial factors.
- Diabetes -people with diabetes have a higher risk of developing hypertension.
- Pregnancy-pregnant women have a higher risk of developing hypertension.
- Sleep apnea - this sleep disorder,which causes people to stop breathing while asleep,might also lead to hypertension.
- Certain chronic conditions-such as kidney disease,diabetes,
- Certain defects-congenital defects in blood vessels
- Certain medications-such as birth control pills,cold remedies,over the counter pain reliever