GRAVES DISEASE Overview
WHAT IS GRAVES DISEASE?
It ia an autoimmune condition of thyroid gand .
(autoimmune means our immune system mistakenly starts attacking our own body tissues).
It causes overproduction of thyroid hormones from thyroid gland more in amounts than the body needs(hyperthyroidism).
Hormones released by the thyroid gland help keep the body's metabolism running at the right rate. The more hormones it releases, the more quickly metabolism runs.Hence graves disease speeds up the metabolism of body.
- Age: commonly occurs below age of 40 years.
- Sex: more often seen in women than men.
- A person suffering from any other autoimmune condition(such as vitiligo, rheumatoid arthritis, crohn’s disease, diabetes type 1) are more likely to be affected.
- Cigarette smoking: It increases the risk many folds especially the eye symptoms.
- Genetic: A family history of Graves' disease increases the chance of developing the condition
Untreated hyperthyroidism can lead to-
- Thyroid storm, a life-threatening condition caused by too much thyroid hormone that suddenly increases your heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature to dangerously high levels.
- Heart problems, such as irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) and heart failure.
- It can speed up bone loss that can lead to osteoporosis.
Bone loss after menopause raises a woman's risk for weak and fragile bones that fractures easily.
- Problems during pregnancy for mother as well as the baby.
In during pregnancy it can leads to heart failure, pre-eclampsia(high blood pressure during pregnancy), prematue birth of baby, miscarriage or abruptio placenta(early detachment of placenta from uterine wall).
In fetus or baby it can cause some serious conditions such as- low birth weight, fast heart rate, stillbirth, any birth defect, thyroid dysfunction etc.
- It may also cause emotional liability (such as uncontrollable crying or laughing), depression, and mental or physical weakness.