Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder.
It is a disease that is passed down through families and is caused by a genetic mutation.
In a healthy person, mucus that lines organs and body cavities(like respiratory and digestive tract) is slippery and watery. In people who have CF, thick mucus clogs the airways and makes it difficult to breathe. Blocking the ducts in the pancreas causes problems with digesting food, so it gets difficult to absorb nutrients from food.
Other organs that are affected by CF are the liver, sinuses, intestines and sex organs. CF is a chronic (long-lasting) and progressive (getting worse over time) condition.
It is one of the most common chronic lung diseases in children and young adults
Damaged airways, chronic lung infections, nasal polyps, haemoptysis, respiratory failure, diabetes, intestinal obstruction, thinning of bones(osteoporosis) etc.
CF symptoms vary from person to person.
Symptoms often appear in infancy and childhood such as bowel obstruction due to meconium ileus in newborns.
A person with mild disease may be asymptomatic or symptoms may appear once in a while or they may occur regularly.
Children who have CF have the following symptoms:
OTHER ASSOCIATIVE CONDITIONS