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ACNE (PIMPLES) Overview

WHAT IS ACNE?


Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become  clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.

Acne occurs when sebaceous (oil) glands attached to the hair follicles are stimulated at the time of puberty or due to other hormonal changes. Sebum (oil) is a natural substance that lubricates and protects the skin. Associated with increased oil production is a change in the manner in which the skin cells mature, predisposing them to plug the follicular pore.

The plug can appear as a WHITEHEAD if it is covered by a thin layer of skin, or if exposed to the air, the darker exposed portion of the plug is called a BLACKHEAD. The plugged hair follicle gradually enlarges, producing a bump. As the follicle enlarges, the wall may rupture, allowing irritating substances and normal skin bacteria access into the deeper layers of the skin, ultimately producing inflammation. Inflammation near the skin's surface produces a pustule; deeper inflammation results in a papule (pimple); if the inflammation is deeper still, it forms a CYST.


So acne appears on the skin as

  • COMEDONES: these are occluded pores also known as blackheads or whiteheads
  • PIMPLES OR ZITS: these are tender red bumps 
  • PUSTULES: (bumps containing pus)
  • CYSTS: (deep pimples, boils)

Risk factors

Risk factors for acne include:

  • Age: People of all ages can get acne, but it's most common in teenagers.
  • Hormonal changes: Such changes are common in teenagers, women and girls, and people using certain medications, including those containing corticosteroids, androgens or lithium.
  • Family history: Genetics plays a role in acne. If both parents had acne, you're likely to develop it, too.
  • Greasy or oily substances: You may develop acne where your skin comes into contact with oily lotions and creams or with grease in a work area, such as a kitchen with fry vats.
  • Friction or pressure on skin: This can be caused by items such as telephones, cellphones, helmets, tight collars and backpacks.
  • Stress: Stress doesn't cause acne, but if you have acne already, it may make it worse.

Factors that may worsen acne

These factors can trigger or aggravate acne:

  • Hormones: Androgens are hormones that increase in boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives also can affect sebum production. And low amounts of androgens circulate in the blood of women and can worsen acne.
  • Certain medications: Examples include drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone or lithium.
  • Diet: Studies indicate that certain dietary factors, including skim milk and carbohydrate-rich foods — such as bread, bagels and chips — may worsen acne. Chocolate has long been suspected of making acne worse. A small study of 14 men with acne showed that eating chocolate was related to a worsening of symptoms. Further study is needed to examine why this happens and whether people with acne would benefit from following specific dietary restrictions.
  • Stress: Stress can make acne worse.

Providing you with the best homeopathic doctors for the best care

Jyoti Singh

Dr. Jyoti Singh

Dr Jyoti is Homeopath in Saket. She graduated from Asia no. 1 college Nehru Homoeopathic Medical College and chose counseling psychology as her stream for masters. She take her work as meditation. In order to give the patient true sense of cure she love to be with patients for ample time so that she can be in their shoes to understand their true state, which helps her to cure the patient.

Deepa Khatri

Dr. Deepa Khatri

Dr Deepa Khatri completed her BHMS from Nehru Homeopathic Medical College and did post graduation in Clinical Psychology. She is one of the best homeopath in Delhi based out of Saket. She is also Skilled in person-centered Therapy, Interventions, and Mental Health Counseling for Teenagers, Adults, and Couples. Helped thousands of people in India and Abroad via Online and Face to Face counselling Sessions.

Sumit Munakhia

Dr. Sumit Munakhia

Dr Sumit Munakhia Graduated in homeopathy from Delhi University. He is a board certified licensed homeopath. Presently he is practicing in South Delhi, Saket since 10+ years. He is registered as a medical practioner with Delhi homeopathic board and central council of homeopathy, Govt. of India. He is also DNHE which is a diploma in dietetics & nutrition. He got interested in homeopathy and chose it as his life journey after reading books by Dr. George Vithoulkas who is revered by physicians all around the world. Since 2004 he has been extensively studying medicine and has an excellent academic record.

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  • Team of expert Homeopathic Doctors
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