OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder )
OCD is common , chronic mental disorder in which a person has uncontrollable ,recurring thoughts (obsessions ) and behaviour (compulsion) as results affected person feel an urge to do the same activity again and again
Mild thinking regarding future, loved one are normal but normally it goes after some time,but if these thoughts stuck in mind and lead to excessive activity or harm the other person , these condition called obsessive compulsive disorder.
Sex- OCD is more common in female
Age - it is more common in young age .
Stress - stress and traumatic life is one of the leading triggering factors which cause OCD .OCD occur in reaction to stress .
Mental disorder - OCD sometimes OCD is related or triggered by other mental conditions such as anxiety , depression .
Mental trauma - such as history of sexual abuse ,stres in relationship ,history of cheating by someone other.
Medical history - if someone had a history of major illness it lead to major impact on mind or any history of brain injury ,and as a result people become more cautious about future but sometimes people become excess cautious about future.
Untreated OCD can lead to
Checking -this type affected always feel something is not right ,that’s why feel need to do or check the same things in repeated manner like
Checking include- repeated checking of doors at night it is close or not ,checking of taps ,alarms , car doors , houde lights or other appliances .
.the affected person also check repeatedly mails ,sms .letters etc .there may be a fear of having made mistakes .
Fear of Contamination -in this type , person always having fear of contamination of getting disease from another person , in this type affected person always doing excessive tooth brushing , overcleaning of certain rooms , bathrooms ,kitchen and avoid large crowds for fear of getting infected .
There is persistent feeling of being dirty ,and affected person get satisfaction by doing excessive showering and washing
Hoarders - people having fear something bad will happen if they throw things anything away .they accumulate junk like old waste newspaper , old curtains ,old books wood etc .
Symmetry and fastidious - a person with OCD want to make or arrange everything in right manner , always want clean home that’s why always doing or keep busy in arranging things .
Intrusive thoughts -this type include violent ,hurting ,obsessional thoughts and sometimes may harm the loved one violently or sexually ,
Thoughts of these people include obsessions about relaitionship ,killing others or suicide.
Common obsessive thoughts in OCD
Common compulsive behaviour in OCD
Causes of OCD
The exact cause is unknown but they are some theories which is related to the OCD
Genetic or hereditary factors - it is believed that persons who have a family history of OCD are more prone for developing OCD
Some biological changes such Chemical , structural and functional abnormalities in the brain lead to OCD .
Environmental - it is also believe that some infection also triggered the OCD
Recovery from medical conditions - if any person recover from any major in past it can lead to take precautions in the future but sometimes excessive thought of precautions can lead to OCD
Stress and depression - mental stress or depression in life can cause OCD
Past history - if any childhood trauma such as history of sexual abuse ,
Diagnosis and treatment
The diagnosis of OCD is made by physical examination,any past medical or injury history , lab tests such as CBC to rule out the thyroid function or to rule out any presence of drugs ,or doctor may ask some questions about your feelings , thoughts , and habits.
The convention treatment are medications such as antidepressants and psychotherapy(CBT cognitive behavioral therapy ) or combination of both
But medications are not so much useful and it also lead to harmful effects on the body such as weight gain ,mood swings , etc
But homoeopathy and counselling will help you and give permanent relief from the symptoms
The main of the treatment or management of OCD is to minimise the anxiety ,negative thoughts ,reducing fear and prevent from affecting daily routine activities
Homeopathy is the unique way of treatment , it can help in reducing the thoughts of doing something in repeated manner there are various medicine which is very effective and useful .but only constitutional medicine will help you and never take ho homeopathy medicine without any consultation from the registered medical practitioner
Some homeopathic medicine are
Do’s and don’ts