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MELASMA

WHAT IS MELASMA?


Melasma is a common skin problem. This condition causes dark and discoloured patches on your skin.

Other name of this condition is chloasma or the mask of pregnancy when it occurs in pregnant women.


Common areas for occurance of melasma


  • bridge of the face
  • The forehead
  • Cheeks
  • Upper lips
  • Forearms
  • Neck
  • Shoulders

RISK FACTORS

  • Pregnancy ( due to hormonal changes)
  • Birth control pills sun exposure
  • Some skin products
  • Dark complexion persons 
  • Female
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Thyroid disease
  • Sun exposure

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES 


SYMPTOMS


  • Patchy discoloration (darker than usual skin colour)
  • Itching (sometimes)

CAUSES


The exact cause is unknown but it may be due to malfunction of the melanocytes (the colour making cells)in the skin, causing them to produce too much of colour.


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


  • Usually self diagnosis
  • Lab test not required treatment
  • Wood lamp examination

TREATMENT


  • Sometimes self treatable (in pregnancy )
  • Combined medicated creams
  • Corticosteroids and tretinoin
  • Additional topical medications

MANAGEMENT


  • Avoid unnecessary exposure to sun 
  • Use sunscreen everyday with SPF 30
  • Wearing a wide brimmed hat that shields or provide shades for your face

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


  • Lycopodium
  • Sepia
  • Thuja
  • Berberis aquifolium
  • Argentum nitricum
  • Cadmium sulphuratum
  • Caulophyllum
  • Plumbum metallicum
  • Sulphur 

DO'S & DON'TS


DO'S


  • Drink good amount of water everyday to keep yourself hydrated
  • Wear hat, sunglasses and cover your affected area with cotton breathable cloth
  • Use suncreen daily after consulting the dermatologist

DON'TS


  • Don't scrub your skin aggeressively
  • Don't overexpose to sun

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