S2, 010, Saraswati apartments, D6, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, Delhi 110070

MELASMA

 

  • Melasma

 

Melasma is a common skin problem.this condition causes dark,discoloured patches on your skin.

Other name of this condition is chloasma,or the mask of pregnancy, when it occurs in pregnant women .

 

 

  • Common areas for melasma 

 

  • The bridge of the face
  • The forehead
  • Cheeks
  • Upper lips
  • Forearms
  • Neck
  • Shoulders

 

 

  • Causes

 

The exact cause is unknown but it may be due to malfunction of the melanocytes(the colour making cells) in the skin, causing them to produce too much of colour.

 

 

  • Risk factors

 

  • Pregnancy ( due to hormonal changes)
  • Birth control pills sun exposure
  • Some skin products
  • Dark complexion persons 
  • Female
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Thyroid disease
  • Sun exposure

 

 

  • Symptoms

 

 

  • Patchy discoloration (darker than usual skin colour)
  • Itching (sometimes)

 

 

  • Diagnosis

 

  • Usually self diagnosis
  • Lab test not required treatment
  • Wood lamp examination



 

  • Treatment

 

  • Sometimes self treatable ( in pregnancy )
  • Combined medicated creams
  • Corticosteroids and tretinoin
  • Additional topical medications

 

 

  • Prevention

 

  • Avoid unnecessary exposure to sun 
  • Use sunscreen everyday with SPF 30
  • Wearing a wide brimmed hat that shields or provide shades for your face

 

 

  • Homeopathy theraps

 

  • Lycopodium
  • Sepia
  • Thuja
  • Berberis aquifolium
  • Argentum nitricum
  • Cadmium sulphuratum
  • Caulophyllum
  • Plumbum metallicum
  • Sulphur 

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