WHAT IS IMPETIGO?
Impetigo is a common and contagious skin infection.it mainly affects infants and children.
Mostly affected area are:
It manifests as red sores on the face, especially around a child’s nose and mouth and on hands and feet.
When these sores burst it forms honey colored crusts
- Dialysis undergoing persons
- Weak immune system such as from HIV
- Skin condition such as eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis,scabies,herpes simplex or chicken pox
- Insects bite or poison ivy.
- Crowded conditions -impetigo easily spreads in schools and child care settings.
- Warm,humid weather- this infection are common in summer
- Certain sports -some games in which skin to skin contact ,such as football or wrestling.
- Broken skin -the bacteria that cause impetigo may enter through a small skin injury,insects bite or rash
- Age -mainly it occurs in children ages 2 to 5.
Generally heal without scaring,rarely complications include:
SYMPTOMS & CAUSES
- Sore -The initial symptoms of impetigo are reddish sores on the skin,these sores quickly grow into blisters,ooze and burst and then form a yellowish or honey crust.
- Sores can be itchy
- Painful sores sometimes
Causative agent is staphylococcus bacteria,sometimes group A streptococcus may cause
This condition is highly infectious,these bacteria enter into skin through any break in the skin then it form the colony in the body.or this condition is also spread by the touch of sore of a person with impetigo or contaminated items like towels,clothes ,or sheets or any other contaminated articles.
DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT
- Generally impetigo diagnosis by looking .
- Lab test generally not necessary.
- Antibiotics drugs
- Wet compression
- Keep skin always clean,always wash any cuts,scrapes,insect bite and other wounds immediately
- Wash an infected person’s clothes,linen and towels,and don’t share them with anyone else in your family.
- Wear gloves when applying antibiotic ointment and wash your hands thoroughly afterwards.
- Cut infected nails short to prevent damage from scratching.
- Gently wash the affected areas with mild soap and running water and then cover lightly with gauze.
- Wash hands frequently
- Keep your child home until your doctor says he or she isn’t contagious.
- Arsenic album
- Hepar sulph
- Rhus tox