WHAT IS HASHIMOTO THYROIDITIS?
Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder of thyroid gland.
In this disease, your immune system attacks your gland(that is why called autoimmune). Thus the thyroid gland becomes damaged and can’t make enough thyroid hormones(hypothyroidism).
Over time, the ability of the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones often becomes impaired and leads to a gradual decline in function and eventually an underactive thyroid (Hypothyroidism).
Low levels of thyroid hormones can contribute to high cholesterol that can lead to heart disease
Severe untreated hypothyroidism may lead to myxedema coma, an extreme form of hypothyroidism in which the body’s functions gets very slow and it becomes a life-threatening condition.
Untreated hypothyroidism during pregnancy can lead to:
These problems occur most often with severe hypothyroidism.
Thyroid hormones are important to baby’s brain and nervous system development. Untreated hypothyroidism (especially during the first trimester) can cause low IQ and problems with normal development.
SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES
After many years, or even decades, damage to the thyroid causes it to shrink and the goiter to disappear.
The exact cause of Hashimoto thyroiditis is not known yet like any other autoimmune condition.
When your thyroid gland comes under attack from malfunctioning immune cells, it impairs your thyroid's ability to make thyroid hormone and eventually an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Some of the triggering factors are- stress, pregnancy, parturition(giving birth) and smoking cigarettes.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
Conventional treatment for Hashimoto’s disease involve hormone replacement therapy in which a synthetic hormone is used to replace the low thyroid hormone levels. Large goiters that do not improve may make it necessary to remove the thyroid gland.
Homeopathic medicines can help manage symptoms of hashimoto thyroiditis and can also help reduce the intensity and frequency of the symptoms. Some of the most common homoeopathic medicines used for treatment of hashimoto thyroiditis are- Sepia, natrum mur, graphitis, iodum, bromium, thyroidinum, calcarea carb etc.These medicines can be taken only after consulting a registered homoeopathic doctor.
DO’S AND DON’TS