COPD(chronic obstructive pulmonary disease )
COPD is referred to chronic obstructive inflammatory disease , it is called obstructive because it obstruct the airflow to the lungs ,and this airflow obstructed due to inflammation of the tubes.
The most common condition of the lungs which caused COPD is
EMPHYSEMA - in this condition there is damage of the alveoli , in lungs many small sacs of alveoli are present normally but in this case the walls between the many sacs disappear and make one larger sacs it lead to lack of absorption of oxygen as a result oxygen level in the blood decreases
When the alveoli damaged , the lungs lose their springiness . the airways become flabby, and air is trapped in the lungs ,this situation leads to feelings of shortness of breath.
CHRONIC BRONCHITIS - bronchitis occurs when the bronchial tubes are irritated and swollen normally cold and cough occur and gone after completing this course but if when the infection spread to bronchial tubes it lead to inflammation and swellings of the tubes it lead more mucus and timid cough .there are tiny hairlike structure in the bronchial tubes called cilia . the cilia help move mucus up the tubes so it can be coughed out.in chronic condition tubes lose this cilia it lead to more coughing more coughing makes the tubes more irritated
REFRACTORY ( NON REVERSIBLE ) ASTHMA -in asthma there is tightening and swelling of the airways ,some medication can reverse this condition before attack but in this type of asthma , the response towards medicine are fail.
All these conditions cause chronic irritation of the bronchial tubes and contribute in COPD
Pneumonia - these people suffering from COPD are more prone to develop pneumonia (it is an infection of the lungs lead to inflammtion ).about 40% chances of developing pneumonia increase in people of COPD if compare with non COPD persons.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARSD)- as the disease progressed it lead to severe inflammation of the lungs which cause fluid to leak into the blood vessels in the airways.as a result the small air sacs , or alveoli collapses
Depression - the rate of occurrence of depression higher two times in COPD persons because due to exertion , fatigue sometimes persons not able to complete the task .
Heart failure- as the lungs not work properly in this condition it increase the pressure on other organs such as heart ,due to low supply of oxygen the pressure on the pulmonary artery will increase as the body try counter thus , it lead to excess strain on the heart . the heart become weak and less able to pump
Frailty - -due to excessive weakness it decrease the appetite and cause noticeable weight loss
Collapsed lungs (pneumothorax- COPD damage the lungs it lead to leakage of air in between the chest wall and lungs that cause collapse of the lungs like deflated balloon.
People with COPD also prone to developing diabetes , osteoporose,sleep disorder
Sign and symptoms
COPD is slowly developing disease so ,Sometimes the symptoms may develop after long exposure to risk factors ,and it is not necessarily the initial symptoms match with latter stage
The initial symptoms are
As the disease progresses from mild to moderate , severity of symptoms increases
The major cause of COPD is smoking or exposure to any kind of tobacco smoke ,90% of the cases of copd is related to tobacco , second hand smoker also at higher risk
Prolonged exposure to any kind of air pollution such as burning coal , wood and sometimes industrial pollutions and this type of exposure occur mainly in industrial area .
Some infectious disease -some infectious diseases of the lungs which harm the lung tissue in patients with hyperactive airways or asthma may also increase the risk of COPD
All these factors damage the lung tissue which means it decreases the elasticity of the lungs and due to physical changes in the tissues of the lungs and clogging of the airways with thick mucus
And finally the oxygen present in the air not get by the lungs and it leads to poor oxygen supply to the air space where exchange between oxygen and carbon dioxide .All these processes lead to lack of oxygen in the body and develop shortness of breathing
Diagnosis and treatment
Past history such as
Test to confirm the diagnosis the COPD
Chest X ray -chest x ray is done to rule to emphysema or other lungs related problems or heart failure
CT scan of the lungs -this test is done to rule out lung cancer and emphysema
Arterial blood gas analysis - this test is done to check out the presence of bringing oxygen into your blood and removing carbon dioxide
Lung function test (pulmonary function test )-this test help to check out the status of inhale and exhale oxygen in your lungs .spirometry is the common lung function test.
There are convention treatment of COPD are medications such as bronchodilators ,oral steroids , inhaled steroids ,antibiotics,oxygen therapy
All these treatments are just temporary it suppress the conditions only ,homeopathy can cure the disease from the roots
The best way to fight this disease is management
Homeopathy having very good results because it increases the power of lungs and give power to fight with the pollution
It never suppress the condition it gives you permanent and safe treatment
Some homeopathic medicine are
Spongia ,bryonia,argentum nitricum,rumex,phosphorus , calcarea carb,sulphur,arsenic album,
Always take medicine after proper consultation with register homeopathy practitioner
Do’s and don’ts