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CONTACT DERMATITIS

WHAT IS CONTACT DERMATITIS(ECZEMA)?


When your skin comes in contact with substances in the environment that you are allergic to,it may react by causing your skin to itch and become red. This is called contact dermatitis.


Types and causes of contact dermatitis 

There are many types of contact dermatitis but 3 are the common form of contact dermatitis

  • Irritant contact dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Photocontact dermatitis (it is reaction that occurs when the active ingredients in a skin product are exposed to the sun and results in irritation).

RISK FACTORS


  • Metal workers
  • Construction workers
  • Hairdressers and cosmetologists
  • Auto mechanics
  • Scuba divers or swimmers,due to the rubber in face masks or goggles
  • Cleaners
  • Gardeners and agricultural workers
  • Cooks and others who work with foods

COMPLICATIONS


Contact dermatitis can lead to an infection if you are repeatedly scratch that affected area,causing it to become wet and oozing. This creates a good place for bacterial or fungal growth and may cause  further infection.


SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


Symptoms of contact dermatitis depend on cause and how sensitive you are to the substance.

ALLERGIC CONTACT DERMATITIS

Symptoms associated with allergic contact dermatitis include:

  1. Dry ,scaly, flaky skin
  2. Hives
  3. Oozing blisters
  4. Skin redness
  5. Skin that appears darkened or leathery
  6. Skin that burns
  7. Extreme itching
  8. Sun sensitivity
  9. Swelling, especially in the eyes,face,or groin areas

IRRITANT CONTACT DERMATITIS

Irritant contact dermatitis may cause slightly different symptoms, such as:

  1. Blistering
  2.  Crackling skin due to extreme dryness
  3. Swelling
  4. Skin that feels stiff or tight
  5. Ulcerations
  6. Open sores that form crusts

CAUSES


ALLERGIC CONTACT DERMATITIS  -allergic contact dermatitis occurs when the skin develops an allergic reaction after being exposed to a foreign substance, this causes the body to release inflammatory chemicals that can make the skin feel itchy and irritated.

Common cause of allergic contact dermatitis include-

  • Jewelry made from nickel or gold
  • Latex gloves
  • Perfumes or chemicals in cosmetics and skin care  
  • products
  • Poison oak or poison ivy

IRRITANT CONTACT DERMATITIS - Irritant contact dermatitis is the most common type of contact dermatitis. It happens when the skin comes in contact with a toxic materials.

Toxic substance that can cause irritant contact dermatitis- 

  • Battery acid
  • Bleach
  • Drain cleansers
  • Kerosene
  • Detergents
  • Pepper spray

Irritant contact dermatitis can also occurs when the skin comes in contact with less irritating materials - like soap or even water. 


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


  1. Physical examination 
  2. Patch test

TREATMENT


  1. Steroids creams or ointments 
  2. Oral medication

MANAGEMENT


  • Avoid irritants and allergens. Try to identify and avoid  substances that irritate your skin or cause an allergic reaction.
  • Wash your skin. Wash your skin right away after coming into contact with irritants.
  • Apply a barrier cream or gel.
  • Wear protective clothing or gloves
  • Use moisturizer
  • Take care around pets

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


Graphites

Sulphur

Calcarea carb

Cicuta virosa

Sepia 

Natrum mur 

Lycopodium

Rhus tox

Petroleum

Dulcamara

Urticaria urens


DO'S AND DON'TS


DO'S


  • maintain hygiene.
  • dont try to self medicate yourself
  • seek medical help as soon as possible.

DON'TS


  • Avoid or try to minimize contact with any known allergen.
  • Avoid tight clothing around affected area.

 

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