Periungual Warts also known as Nail Warts or Fingernail Warts is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV can enter the skin through a cut or scrape. They are cluster around the nails (fingernail or toenail). They appear as thickened, fissured, cauliflower like skin around the nails. Nail biting increases susceptibility to these warts.

At first they are about the size of a pinhead smooth, shiny and virtually impossible to spot. But after a week or months they grow to the size of a pea and have rough, irregular bumps that can affect nail. In the most severe cases nail can be permanently deformed and this can lead to fungal infection


Various risk factors for periungual warts include:

  • Periungual warts affect children and young adults,especially if they are nail biters as HPV enters the skin through cuts or scrapes. These warts are difficult to treat.
  • Those who pick nail cuticles frequently.
  •  People with compromised immune system are at higher risk of developing periungual warts and if they develop it then its very hard to treat the warts.
  • In cases of atopic dermatitis due to scratching the HPV can enter the skin.
  • Using clothes and towels of an infected person can also give you HPV and warts would develop.
  • Those who work in water for long in public places are more susceptible to catch infection.
  • Those who don’t maintain hygiene are also at increased risk.


If periungual warts are not treated they may cause permanent damage to the skin and nails. The nails may get deformed permanently.

Further infection may also be seen in soft tissues and surrounding areas.



  • The periungual warts are rough grainy bumps around and under the nail. They are usually small bumps around the toenails or fingernails.
  • Periungual warts also lead to loss of cuticle and increase the risk of self tissue infection. They are usually skin-toned ,pink,tan or white.
  • Small warts are usually painless but when they increase in size then they develop pain
  • Periungual warts hinder with the nail growth causing split nails.
  • The cuticles are also deformed


Periungual warts caused by the HPV (the human papillomavirus). This virus can be present in many people without showing any indication of a warts.

Periungual warts found in persons who pick and bite their nails.Broken skin allows easy entry for the virus. Periungual warts often cause loss of the cuticle and paronychia. These kind of warts cause damage to the nail by lifting the nail from the skin or causing the nail to partially detach.

HPV is found on surface of things used by an infected person so if someone else comes in contact with the surface they also contract the infection.



Visual appearance and the location is enough for diagnosing a case of perungual warts as periungual warts develop around the finger and toenails.They appear as thickened,fissured cauliflower-like skin around the nail plate. They can cause discomfort or pain and may disrupt nail growth.

In case of doubt scrapings of the hyperkeratotic area can be sent for evaluation.


Conventional treatment for periungual warts include salicylic acid, cryotherapy, laser therapy, surgical removal, antigen injections but theses treatments are not permanent as they can regrow and come back in more fierce form. Thus homeopathic treatment is best treatment for periungual warts.


Periungual warts are contagious and can infect even during the course of treatment. Following steps would help with the cases of periungual warts:

  • Patient should be advised to maintain hygiene and wash hands regularly.
  • Don’t tough warts of other people.
  • keep your personal items like nail clipper, towels, clothes separately.
  • Wear protective gloves while working especially in water.
  • Don’t bite your finger nails or pick your cuticles.
  • Use disposable items in public places like salon, nail spa etc.
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Maintain your hydration.


There are medicines like thuja, natrum mur, graphites, nitric acid, ranunculuc bulbosus etc which can remove the periungual warts completely without recurrence. But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopaty has permanent cure for periungual warts.



  • Wash the hands regularly.
  • Maintain hygiene.
  • Wear protective gloves when washing the dishes.
  • If someone has warts,avoid touching the area or items that have come into contact with them.
  • Use disposable items in public places like salon, nail spa etc.
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Maintain your hydration.
  • keep your personal items like nail clipper, towels, clothes separately, don’t share them.


  • Do not share towels,nails polish, or other items
  • Don’t bite your nails
  • Don’t pick the nail cuticles.
  • Don’t cut the warts.

A health-y approach to adolescence

Adolescent:- Stanley Hall (“the Father of Adolescence”) described the period of adolescence as the period of ‘storm and stress’.

The Government of India in National Youth Policy defines adolescents as individuals between 13 to 19 yrs. of age. It is a transitional stage of physical, sexual and mental human development occurring between puberty and legal adulthood. It is imperative to have a thorough knowledge or awareness of the normal changes occurring in this age-group, and prevalence of specific gynecological problems in order to seek quality medical services.

Adolescence can be divided into three sub phases:
  1. Early adolescence (10-14 years): characterized by the onset of puberty and transition out of childhood.
  2. Middle adolescence (14-17 years): at this stage they may question and explore their sexual identity, which may be stressful without any support.
  3. Late adolescence (17-19 years): Transition into adult roles indicated by responsible and mature approach to one’s personal and intimate relationships
Gynecological problems of adolescents occupy a special space in the spectrum of gynecological disorders of all ages. Menstrual abnormalities are the most common problems of adolescent girls. Different gynecological problems in adolescent age group are:
  1. Menstrual Disorders
  2. Leucorrhoea
  3. Infections
  4. Ovarian Cyst
  5. Teenage Pregnancy
  6. Infertility
Majority of girls with menstrual disorders suffers from puberty menorrhagia and if not treated it may lead to anemia. Common infections which can trouble an adolescent girl are urinary infection, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (exclusively seen among married adolescent girls). PCOD (polycystic ovarian disease) is the most common cause of secondary amenorrhoea among adolescents.
Problems, such as infection, discharge, menorrhagia, faced by the young adolescent girls usually remain untreated for long periods due to lack of awareness, and shyness in the females of this age group. However if these problems persist for long, they have dire consequences on the general health of the females, as well as complication related to pregnancy. It is important that all discomforts and symptom, are discussed with a gynecologist in details, with a lot of openness. Doctors are professional, and regardless of your age and problem, they are ready to help you for your condition. It is important to note that allopathy works on symptom based diagnosis. It is important that you share each and every details of your health, however minor the symptom is, you share it with your gynecologist. Importance of sharing every minor detail, can never be over-emphasized.



Adenomyosis is a condition in which the endometrial lining of the uterus breaks through and encroaches into the muscular myometrial wall of the uterus. These displaced endometrial tissues react to the hormones every month as per the menstrual cycle- thickening- growing- breaking- bleeding. Adenomyosis can be seen throughout the uterus or can be localised to a single spot as well.

The condition is not life threatening but the pain and amount of bleeding compromises the quality of the woman’s life.


  • Long oestrogen exposure
  • Middle age (40’s and 50’s)
  • Childbirth
  • Delivery of child by C-section
  • Uterine fibroid removal surgery


The heavy bleeding can cause anaemia and weakness. Although the condition is not life threatening but it hampers the normal life of the female.



Tinea versicolor is also known as Pityriasis Versicolor. It is a fungal infection of the skin commonly seen in teenagers and adults but can be seen at any age. The fungus lives on the skin and when it grows out of control, it causes discolouration of the skin producing patches lighter or darker in colour than the surrounding skin.

The infection is non-contagious and does not spread from one person to another.


  • EXCESSIVE SWEATING: if you have more sweating then there are chances of having the fungal infection as the yeast gets suitable environment to grow.

  • OILY SKIN: oily skin also increases chances of fungal growth.

  • HOT CLIMATE: also gives the fungus favourable environment for growth.

  • WEAK IMMUNITY: if your immunity is weak then the chances of growth of fungus also increases.



  • Appearance of patches which have different colour than the surrounding skin.
  • Itching is generally very mild.
  • Scaling can be seen sometimes.


The fungus is seen normally on the skin as it lives on the healthy skin. It grows only when it is triggered by factors like humidity, hot weather, oily skin, excessive sweating, weak immune system etc.



The appearance of the fungal growth is very typical and by only looking at the patches the doctor can diagnose it. In doubtful situations, skin scrapings can be taken from the patches.


Treatment conventionally includes antifungal medications.


Management of the fungal infection includes:

  • You should not wear tight clothing rather wear loose airy clothes.
  • Wear cotton fabric and not synthetic.
  • Avoid excessive sweating.
  • Maintain hygiene.
  • If you have oily skin, keep it clean.
  • Avoid oily skin products.
  • Reduce sun screen and apply sunscreen whenever you go out on sun.
  • Bath everyday.
  • Don’t use harsh soaps and chemical products.
  • Homeopathic medicines are very good at taking care of the infection.


Homeopathic medicines are very good for taking care of fungal infection. Medicines like sulphur, tuberculinum, calcarea carb etc are very good medicines but should be given after studying the constitution of the patient.



  • Maintain hygiene.
  • Bath daily.
  • Wear cotton clothes.
  • Wear loose clothes.
  • Keep skin clean.
  • Apply sunscreen if you are going out.


  • Avoid excessive sweating.
  • Don’t wear synthetic clothes.
  • Don’t wear tight clothes.
  • Don’t use harsh soaps.
  • Don’t over expose yourself to sun.




Ringworm is a fungal infection of the skin. The fungi lives on the dead tissues on the top layer of the skin. The fungal infection of the skin of the body is known as tinea corporis. If it occurs in between the toes then its is called as athlete’s foot, if it spreads to the groin then it is called as jock itch and ringworm of scalp is known as tinea capitis.

Ringworm often spread through direct skin to skin contact with the infected person.


Risk of having ringworm are higher if:

  • You have close contact with the person having ringworm.
  • You live in a warm climate.
  • You have weak immunity.
  • You wear tight clothing.
  • You share your clothes, towel, bed with the infected person.
  • You don’t maintain hygiene.


Ringworm rarely spread to the deeper layers of the skin thus there is no serious illness apart from people who have weak immune system require long time to get rid of the infection.



  • Red, itchy, flat and scaly rashes on the skin
  • The rash I’d clear and flat at centre but raised at the borders forming a circular, irregular rough ring.


Ringworm is an infection caused by fungus which is contagious. The fungi lives on the top most layer of the skin and thrives on the dead skin cells. It may spread through different ways:

  • DIRECT CONTACT WITH INFECTED PERSON: skin to skin contact with an infected human would infect the other person as well.

  • ANIMAL TO HUMAN: if you get in association with an animal having ringworm then you can contract infection from it.

  • POOR HYGIENE: if you don’t maintain hygiene then there are increased chances.

  • CONTACT WITH INFECTED OBJECTS: clothes, towel, bed, comb, brush of the infected person can spread infection to other people.



The appearance of the ringworm is enough for diagnosis. Although skin scrapings from the affected area can be examined under microscope would confirm the diagnosis.


Usual treatment is anti-fungal medication which would control the infection but homeopathic medicines are much more effective in treating the fungal infection permanently and without any side effects. Anti-fungal creams and medication would just suppress it and ringworms would appear again.


If you have fungal infection then:

  • You should never share your personal things like clothes, bed, towel etc with anyone.
  • You should maintain hygiene so that the infection doesn’t spread more.
  • Take bath everyday.
  • Wear clean cotton clothes.
  • Wear loose clothes as tight clothes would aggravate the condition.
  • Avoid contact with infected things, person, animals.
  • Avoid excessive sweating.
  • Educate yourself and others so that catching the infection and further spread could be prevented.
  • Take homeopathic medicines.


Ringworm could be very rigid and tough to cure. Anti-fungal medicines and lotion just suppress it temporarily. To get permanent cure, homeopathy is a good option as the medicines would treat the infection permanently.

Medicines like sepia, bacillinum, tuberculinum, sulphur, cal carb etc are very good for treatment of ringworm. But the medicines should only be taken after consulting a good homeopath and self medication could be harmful.



  • Maintain hygiene
  • Bath everyday
  • Know about ringworm
  • Wear clean clothes
  • Keep the infected area clean and dry
  • Wear loose clothes


  • Don’t share your clothes, bed, towel with anyone.
  • Avoid contact with infected person
  • Avoid excessive sweating
  • Don’t wear tight clothes




Nasal polyps are painless, teardrop shaped, soft, non cancerous growths which develop on the lining of the nasal passage. The size varies and small nasal polyps does not produce any symptoms but larger polyps or group of polyps can block the nasal passage.


Nasal polyps can affect anyone but they are more commonly seen in adults. Any condition that triggers inflammation again and again in the nasal passage (Infection, allergy) may cause development of polyps. Risk factors include:

  • ASTHMA: in asthma there is inflammation and constriction of airways.

  • RECURRING INFECTIONS: recurring infection viral or bacterial cause inflammation again and again in the nasal passage.

  • ALLERGIES: allergy to pollutants, airborne fungi, pollen allergy would also cause inflammation in the nasal passage.

  • DRUG SENSITIVITY: certain drugs like aspirin can cause inflammation and irritation of nasal passage.

  • CERTAIN DISEASES: certain diseases like cystic fibrosis, churg-Strauss syndrome also show inflammation of nasal passage.


Nasal polyps can cause complications because they block the nasal passage and fluid drainage. Complications include:

  • SINUS INFECTIONS: sinus infections can occur due to nasal polyps.

  • ASTHMA FLARE UPS: recurrent infection and inflammation cause flare up of symptoms of asthma.

  • OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA: sleep apnea can occur due to nasal polyp as they block breathing.



Nasal polyps cause blockage in the nasal passage due to recurrent inflammation. Nasal polyps are soft growths and have no symptoms of their own but it is the blockage which produce symptoms:

  • Runny nose
  • Nasal blockage and congestion
  • Post nasal drip
  • Decreased sense of smell and in chronic cases no sense of smell
  • Snoring
  • Congested feeling in head
  • Pain in sinuses


The exact cause of inflammation in the mucous membrane of the nasal passage is not known as nasal polyp can develop in anyone and at any age but they are most common in adults.



Symptoms along with examination by the doctor can confirm the diagnosis as polyps may be visible with lighted instruments also. Other diagnostic tests are:

  • NASAL ENDOSCOPY: viewing the nasal passage by an endoscope would help in visualisation of the polyps.

  • CT SCAN: can help the doctor to see the size and location of the polyp.


The basic goal of the treatment in nasal polyp is to reduce the size of the polyps and relieve the symptoms of blockage. Conventional treatment include corticosteroid nasal spray to relieve inflammation. Surgery is also advised for removing the polyps mechanically.


  • AVOID NASAL IRRITANTS: avoid breathing airborne irritants (fumes, pollution, chemical fumes, tobacco smoke, dust etc) which would contribute with the inflammation by irritating the mucous membrane of the nose.

  • HUMIDIFIER: use a humidifier at your house as humidifier would keep the nasal passage moist and would improve mucus flow.

  • MAINTAIN HYGIENE: wash hands regularly and maintain hygiene to avoid bacterial, viral infections that can cause inflammation of the nasal passage.

  • DO BREATHING EXERCISES: breathing exercises would help in relieving symptoms.

  • STEAM INHALATION: steam inhalation would relieve the congestion feeling in the nose and would also clear the nasal passage.

  • NASAL SPRAY: saline nasal spray would help in relieving nasal congestion by clearing the passage of mucus.

  • ASTHMA: if you have have asthma then keep it under control as flare ups would exaggerate the inflammation of the nasal passage.


Homeopathy is the best way to treat nasal polyps. Homeopathic medicines would help in decreasing the size of the polyps. With medicines only the size of the polyps can be managed and the patient can be relieved with all the symptoms without any surgery or steroids. Medicines should always be taken after consulting some good homeopath.



  • Avoid exposure to allergens.
  • Do steam inhalation
  • Use humidifier
  • Manage asthma and keep it under control
  • Do breathing exercises
  • Use saline nasal spray
  • Maintain hygiene and wash hands regularly


  • Don’t expose yourself to allergens and infections
  • Don’t ignore the symptoms




Lichen planus is an inflammatory condition triggered by the immune system which can affect skin, hair, nails and mucous membranes ( mouth, vagina etc). The exact cause of the immune system causing the condition is not known but it can occur after viral infection, allergen exposure, after stress or it could be due to family history as well. Sometimes lichen planus occurs along with other autoimmune diseases as well.

On skin lichen planus appears as purplish, flat topped rashes which are often very itchy. In mucous membranes areas like mouth and vagina, rashes appear as lacy white patches which are often sore. The condition is usually not serious unless it is painful with much itching. Lichen planus is not contagious.


As such there are no risk factors of development of lichen planus as it can occur at any age and can affect anyone but women are twice more susceptible to develop lichen planus and middle aged people are more likely to develop it.

It can be seen more in cases with viral infection (hepatitis C) , those who have history of allergen exposure (arsenic, gold, iodide compounds), due to stress or with family history of lichen planus, certain diuretics.

Lichen planus occurs when the immune system attacks the body cell so if you have any autoimmune disorder then you can develop lichen planus as well.


Lichen planus becomes troublesome when it involves much pain and itching. Sexual dysfunction occurs if lichen planus affects vulva and vagina as the area becomes painful and sensitive. Sometimes lichen planus can leave scar as well.

Hyperpigmentation may occur in some cases once the scar disappears.

Lichen planus may increase the risk of development of squamous cell carcinoma which is a type of skin cancer.



Depending on the area affected the presentation of lichen planus may vary:

  • Rashes which are purplish, flat topped.
  • Itching on the rashes
  • If lichen planus affects the vulva, vagina or mouth then the rashes appear as lacy white patches which are often sore and painful.
  • Discolouration of skin
  • Hair loss
  • Nail become brittle and damaged
  • Blisters may also appear on the site of rashes which can burst eventually and scab develops there.


Lichen planus occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the skin or mucous membrane cells. The exact cause of this immune attack is not known but there could be some triggering factors like:

  • Hepatitis C infection
  • Flu vaccine
  • Certain medicines like diuretics
  • Certain allergen exposure like arsenic, iodide etc
  • Stress
  • Family history



Diagnosis of lichen planus can be done on the basis of presentation of the symptoms. Certain lab tests could be done:

  • BIOPSY: could be done to study the cell morphology for lichen planus

  • ALLERGY TEST: can be done to see any allergen triggering immune reaction to cause lichen planus.

  • HEPATITIS C: if viral infection is the triggering factor then doctor can do hepatitis c test.


Conventional treatment include relieving itching, pain and all symptoms by using corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antihistamines. Underlying cause should be treated (hepatitis c infection, allergic reaction etc).


  • NO SCRATCHING: patient should be advised not to scratch as it may lead to further infection and blister formation on the rashes

  • COOL COMPRESSES: would help in relieving itching

  • MOISTURISER: keep skin hydrated.

  • SMOKING: advise on not to smoke should be given as it will make the oral lichen planus worse

  • ALCOHOL: should not be consumed in case of oral lichen planus

  • AVOID ALLERGENS: allergen which trigger lichen planus should be avoided

  • NO SPICY OR ACIDIC FOOD: should be taken as it will aggravate oral lichen planus

  • STRESS MANAGEMENT: advise on stress management should be given

  • HEALTHY DIET: advise on healthy balanced diet including fresh fruits and vegetables should be given.

  • HOMEOPATHY: homeopathy is an alternative system of medicine which can help get rid of lichen planus permanently without any steroid and topical ointment.


After a thorough case taking and analysis a homeopath can prescribe a medicine which can get rid of lichen planus permanently. Medicines like sulphur, pulsatilla, natrum mur, tuberculinum, ars alb etc can be used but only after constitutional study of the case.



  • Use cool compresses
  • Keep yourself moisturised
  • Manage stress
  • Take healthy diet
  • Drink plenty of water


  • Avoid exposure to allergens
  • Don’t smoke
  • Don’t consume alcohol
  • Don’t scratch




Bronchitis is inflammation and irritation of the lining of the bronchial tubes which carry air to and from the the lungs. It causes a cough that brings up thick yellow grey mucus. A cold or flu runs its course till few weeks but sometimes it may spread to the chest causing acute bronchitis which is common but constant irritation or inflammation of the lining of bronchial tubes may cause chronic bronchitis which is more serious.

Chronic bronchitis is one of the conditions included in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The bouts of chronic bronchitis keep on coming again and again.


  • SMOKING: smoking; active or passive, predisposes to development of bronchitis.

  • POOR IMMUNITY: compromised immune system may predispose to infections.

  • OCCUPATION: those who work around certain lung irritants are at greater risk of development of bronchitis.

  • ACIDITY: severe acidic regurgitation can irritate the throat and make the person prone to development of bronchitis.


Few bouts are although harmless but chronic bronchitis can lead to pneumonia and end up into COPD.



  • Cough
  • Mucus production which may be clear, white, green or yellow and thick
  • Breathlessness
  • Chest discomfort
  • Fatigue


Most common cause of bronchitis is cigarette smoking. Then people who work around lung irritants can also develop chronic bronchitis.

Acute bronchitis is often caused by normal common cold virus.



Initially it’s hard to differentiate bronchitis from common cold. Chest examination for auscultation may help the physician to listen to the lung sounds. Further tests which could be done include:



Conventional treatment includes medicines for cough as antibiotics are of no help in this. Inhalers and puffs are suggested to help inflammation and open narrowed bronchial tubes.


  • BREATHING EXERCISES: breathing exercises help in improving a case of bronchitis and would help with the symptoms of bronchitis.

  • HUMIDIFIER: warm and moist air would help in relieving cough and would help in expectorating sputum.

  • USE MASK: wearing mask would help in catching infections from other people. If cold air aggravates cough then mask would help.

  • AVOID LUNG IRRITANTS: if you have constant exposure to lung irritants then avoid them.

  • QUIT SMOKING: as smoking predisposes to chronic bronchitis.


Homeopathy is an alternative system of medicine which can help you get rid of bronchitis permanently without any side effects. There are many medicines available which are very good and even replace all other kinds of medications, inhalers & puffs.

Medicines like tuberculinum, pulsatilla, blatta, kali carb, natrum sulph etc are very good in treatment of bronchitis but should always be taken only after prescription of a homeopath.



  • Do breathing exercises regularly
  • Wear mask
  • Use humidifier
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Take healthy diet
  • Wash hands frequently
  • Use clean paper tissues
  • Add fresh fruits and veggies in your diet


  • Don’t smoke
  • Don’t expose to lung irritants
  • Don’t come in direct contact with infected person




Hypothyroidism is a condition in which thyroid gland is under active and does not produce required amount of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland which lies in front of the neck. The hormones produced by the thyroid gland are T3 & T4 which have impact on the metabolism as they control vital functions of the body such as temperature and heart rate. The hormones produced by thyroid gland are responsible for providing energy to almost every organ in the body and controls functions like heart beat, digestion etc. Thus when thyroid gland stops working on optimum level then functions of the body begin to slow down.


  1. AGE: hypothyroidism usually occurs with growing age.

  2. GENDER: females are more prone to development of hypothyroidism.

  3. FAMILY HISTORY: if you have family history of hypothyroidism then there are more chances of development of hypothyroidism.

  4. OTHER AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER: if you have any autoimmune disease then you are more prone to development of another autoimmune disease also.

  5. CERTAIN MEDICATION: like antithyroid medicines can cause underactive thyroid.

  6. PREGNANCY: during pregnancy you can develop hypothyroidism.

  7. SURGERY: partial removal of a part of thyroid gland due to certain cause can cause development of hypothyroidism.


  1. GOITER: goiter is a condition in which the size of the thyroid gland increases more than normal size. This occurs due to constant stimulation of thyroid gland to release more hormones as the thyroid is underactive.

  2. DEPRESSION: due to lack of hormones depression may occur which increases over time.

  3. HEART PROBLEMS: there is increased risk of development of heart diseases as thyroid hormones regulate functions of heart.

  4. INFERTILITY: due to low levels of thyroid hormone, there is interference with release of egg.

  5. MYXEDEMA: is a condition which can be life threatening if hypothyroidism stays undiagnosed for long time. Myxedema have symptoms of intense cold intolerance, drowsiness, lethargy and sometimes unconsciousness.

  6. PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY: uncontrolled hypothyroidism damage nerves of arms and legs which causes pain, numbness and tingling.

  7. BIRTH DEFECTS: if mothers have uncontrolled hypothyroidism then foetus can develop birth defects.



The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism depends on the level of deficiency of the hormones. Symptoms often take time to develop, often over a number of years.


  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Dryness of the skin
  • Weight gain
  • Puffiness of face
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Muscular weakness, aches and stiffness
  • Pain and stiffness of joints, swelling may also be seen
  • Irregular menstrual cycle or heavy bleeding
  • High cholesterol
  • Thinning of hair
  • Palpitations
  • Weakness of memory
  • Depression
  • Enlarged thyroid gland


Hypothyroidism may be caused due to number of factors:

  • AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE: Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which the thyroid gland is attacked by the immune system and antibodies are produced against the thyroid tissues.

  • HYPERTHYROIDISM TREATMENT: when the treatment for hyperthyroidism is over done then hypothyroidism may occur.

  • THYROID SURGERY: removing a part of thyroid can diminish its hormone production.

  • RADIATION THERAPY: used for treating cancers in head and neck can affect the thyroid gland as well and can lead to hypothyroidism

  • CERTAIN MEDICINES: such as lithium can cause hypothyroidism

  • CONGENITAL DISEASES: sometimes babies are born with defective thyroid gland or sometimes no thyroid gland.

  • IODINE DEFICIENCY: iodine is essential for production of thyroid hormones. So due to deficiency of iodine leads to hypothyroidism.

  • PREGNANCY: some women develop hypothyroidism during or after pregnancy.



Based on symptoms blood test for analysing levels of TSH hormone is enough for diagnosis.


Treatment of hypothyroidism include oral administration of synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine.


Management of hypothyroidism include advice on regular exercise, healthy diet, meditation to release stress is given along with hormone supplementation.

Homeopathy is a good alternative option to synthetic thyroid hormone.


Homeopathic medicines would help the body to remove the cause and start preparing the thyroid hormone itself. There are many medicines like sepia, sulphur, pulsatilla, tuberculinum, calcarea carb etc which are useful is treatment of hypothyroidism permanently. But these medicines are constitution based and should be taken after the advice of homeopathic doctor only.



  • Do regular physical exercise.
  • Eat healthy diet.
  • Take plenty of water.
  • Do meditation


  • Don’t ignore the condition
  • Don’t smoke.




The lining of the womb (uterus) is known as endometrium. Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium is present outside of the uterus as well. Usually the ectopic endometrium is seen in lower abdomen only (ovaries, Fallopian tubes, pelvis) but endometriosis may rarely spread to parts other than pelvis and can appear anywhere in body.

In endometriosis, the endometrium present at abnormal sites also respond to each menstrual cycle. So the endometrium outside the uterus also thickens, breaks and bleeds with each cycle of menses.

Since the abnormal sites of endometrium in endometriosis have no way of exit to discharge out the blood, cysts are formed entrapping the discharge. The surrounding tissues are also irritated causing adhesions and the organs stick to each other.

Sometimes there are no symptoms in mild endometriosis but mostly women suffer from severe pain during periods, during sexual intercourse and infertility can also occur.


  1. NULLIPAROUS: never giving birth can trigger endometriosis.

  2. EARLY MENARCHE: early onset of menses during puberty.

  3. LATE MENOPAUSE: having menses till old age can trigger endometriosis.

  4. OESTROGEN: high levels of oestrogen can also cause endometriosis.

  5. BEING THIN: being underweight can also cause endometriosis.

  6. SMOKING: can predispose to development of endometriosis.

  7. ALCOHOL: consumption in large amount on regular basis can also trigger endometriosis.

  8. FAMILY HISTORY: of endometriosis can also be a factor.

  9. UTERINE ABNORMALITIES: which don’t trap the menstrual flow can also cause endometriosis due to inflammation.


  1. INFERTILITY: females with endometriosis have difficulty in conceiving. Endometriosis may obstruct the way of egg or sperm thus preventing fertilisation.

  2. OVARY CANCER: endometriosis may predispose to develop ovarian cancer at a higher rate than expectation.



  • PAINFUL PERIODS: mild cramping and pain is normal during periods but for a woman with endometriosis; pain is far worse and restrict her daily life works. The pain starts before the periods start and last for several days with pain in lower back.

  • PAINFUL SEXUAL INTERCOURSE: due to adhesions sexual intercourse is painful and pay may occur for quite some time after intercourse.

  • HEAVY PERIODS: heavy flow is seen during menses.

  • SPOTTING BETWEEN MENSES: may also be seen in some cases.

  • INFERTILITY: due to obstruction caused by endometriosis adhesions the egg and sperm fail to meet causing infertility.

  • REGULAR MENSTRUAL SYMPTOMS: nausea, vomiting, weakness, fatigue and bloating is also seen during menses.


  • BACK FLOW OF MENSTRUAL BLOOD: would cause sticking of endometrial cells to stick to the ovaries, Fallopian tubes or in pelvic cavity and they would grow there and bleed there.

  • TRANSFORMATION OF PERITONEAL TISSUES:  to endometrial tissues would cause endometriosis.

  • OESTROGEN: can trigger transformation of tissues in the foetus to endometrial tissues at abnormal places. Prolonged administration of oestrogen in adult life can also trigger the transformation.

  • SURGICAL SCAR: of hysterectomy or cesarean section may cause sticking of endometrial tissues to the scar causing endometriosis.



  • PELVIS EXAMINATION: uterus and surrounding structures are movable as the uterus hangs freely with support of ligaments but adhesions caused by endometriosis can cause restriction of mobility.

  • TRANSVAGINAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY: would reveal adhesions and endometriomas (trapped secretions in a cyst).

  • MRI: would give more detailed information.

  • LAPAROSCOPY: is surgical procedure that allows visualisation of the abdomen thus would reveal the condition.


  • PAIN MANAGEMENT: is first line of treatment which is given by administering NSAIDS, painkillers etc.

  • HORMONE THERAPY: oral contraceptive pills would help in relieving pain but it would not treat the condition completely.

  • SURGERY: is done to remove tissues of endometriosis at abnormal sites.

  • HYSTERECTOMY: along with ovaries is done in rare cases.

  • HOMEOPATHY: is an alternative system of medicine which can help in permanent treatment of endometriosis very well.


  • HOT FOMENTATION: hot baths, hot water bag can help in relieving pain along with cramping.

  • REGULAR EXERCISE: can help in improving the symptoms over time.

  • HEALTHY DIET: would help in feeling healthy.

  • HOMEOPATHY: homeopathic medicines would help in permanent treatment of endometriosis.


There are several homeopathic medicines available which can treat the conditions permanently. Medicines like pulsatilla, natrum mur, sulphur, calcarea carb, tuberculinum, causticum etc act very well in managing the cases of endometriosis. But the medicines should be given only after the symptom study and constitutional study.



  • Do regular physical exercise.
  • Use hot water bag for pain.
  • Hot baths would also help in those days to feel better.
  • Take healthy diet


  • Don’t smoke.
  • Don’t take much alcohol.
  • Don’t stress out.