LIVER CIRRHOSIS

 WHAT IS LIVER CIRRHOSIS ?


Cirrhosis of the liver also known as hepatic cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring of the liver in which the normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissues. Every time the liver is injured; it tries to heal itself by forming scar tissues. Advance scarring leave the liver with more scar tissues and less normal hepatic cells thus causing impaired liver function. It caused by many forms of liver diseases and conditions such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. The damage done to the liver is irreversible so early detection is very important.


RISK FACTORS


  • Alcohol: if consumed more would damage the liver. To metabolise the alcohol taken; liver enzymes work on the alcohol. So more alcohol would damage the liver cells and liver would try to repair the injury with scar tissues.

  • Obesity: would cause non alcoholic fatty liver thus would increase the risk of cirrhosis

  • Hepatitis: infection would damage the liver cells which would be compensated by scarring.

COMPLICATIONS


  • Portal hypertension: is increased blood pressure in the veins that supply blood to the liver as due to cirrhosis; the blood flow through the liver becomes slow.

  • Bleeding: can occur as small veins may burst due to increased pressure in them as blood is redirected to small veins by the portal veins due to sluggish flow in liver.

  • Splenomegaly: is increase in size of spleen. Cirrhosis causes portal hypertension which causes swelling of spleen.

  • Infections: cirrhosis decreases the ability of the body to fight with the infection so body is more prone to get more infections.

  • Malnutrition: due to cirrhosis the body is not able to utilize the nutients. This would further cause loss of weight and weakness.

  • Jaundice: liver metabolises bilirubin and excretes it out of the body. But in cirrhosis the liver is not able to workout the bilirubin thus jaundice develops

  • Increase risk of liver cancer: cirrhosis increases the risk of development of cirrhosis.

  • Weak bones: due to lack of assimilation of nutients the bones also become weak and chances of bone diseases increase.

  • Hepatic encephalopathy: due to build up of toxin in the blood (as the liver is not able to metabolise them), the toxins can build up in brain as well causing mental confusion and difficulty in concentration as well.

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


Symptoms


  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue and easily bleeding
  • Nausea, hair loss and breathlessness
  • Itching on skin
  • confusion, drowsiness and slurred speech
  • Yellow discoloration in the skin and eyes
  • Swelling in the legs,feet or ankles
  • Redness in the palms
  • Fluid accumulation in your abdomen
  • In males, loss of sex drive, breast enlargement or testicular atrophy
  • Spider like blood vessels on the skin
  • Problems with walking and mobility
  • Urine becomes darker and muscles cramps
  • More frequent fever and increased  risk of infection
  • Blood in vomiting

Causes


  • Chronic alcohol abuse
  • Chronic viral hepatitis.
  • Cystic fibrosis and iron buildup in the body
  • Infection, such as syphilis or brucellosis
  • Medications, including methotrexate or isoniazid
  • Liver disease caused by immune system
  • Alpha -1 antitrypsin deficiency
  • Destruction of the bile ducts and hardening and scarring of  the bile ducts.
  • Genetic digestive disorder
  • Fat accumulating in the liver
  • Poorly formed bile ducts
  • Inherited disorders of sugar metabolism

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


Diagnosis


Early cirrhosis is usually asymptomatic but following investigations can help in making the diagnosis:

Imaging test:- ultrasound, CT or MRI scans can be used to see the liver is enlarged and detect any scarring or nodules.

Biopsy:- a small sample of liver cells is extracted and examined under a microscope.

Endoscopy:- insert a long, thin tube with a light and video camera at the end goes through the esophagus and into the stomach.

Blood test:- for liver function tests, blood clotting enzymes, bilirubin levels etc


Treatment


Conventional treatment for liver cirrhosis is medications, injection sclerotherapy, antibiotics injections liver transplant surgery, potential future treatment but these treatments are not permanent and safe. Thus homeopathic treatment is the best treatment for liver cirrhosis.


MANAGEMENT


  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Don’t drink alcohol
  • Eat a low-sodium diet.
  • Avoid viral hepatitis infection

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


There are medicines like bryonia alba,  mercurius, phosphorus, nux vomica, chelidonium, sulphur, digitalis, plumbum met, pulsatilla, iodum, natrum sulph, thuja But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopathy has permanent cure for liver cirrhosis


DO’s AND DON’Ts


Do’s


  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Maintain a healthy weight

Don’ts

  • Don’t drink alcohol

TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS

WHAT IS TYPE 2 DIABETES ?


Type 2 diabetes also known as adult onset diabetes, is a chronic condition in which either the pancreas doesnot produce the required amount of insulin to maintain normal sugar levels in the blood or there is insulin resistance. Insuline moves the glucose from blood to the cells. In case of insulin resistance the insulin is not able to act.

Although it is known as adult onset diabetes but now a days even children are affected by it due to obesity and unhealthy lifestyle.


RISK FACTORS


  • Weight:- being overweight would increase the risk of type 2 diabetes

  • Inactivity:- inactivity would increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. If you do exercise and stay active then you would loose weight and more calories would be burnt. Cells would use more glucose thus more activity would increase thge senstivity of cells towards insulin

  • Family history:- if you have relatives especially parents or siblings with type 2 diabetes, chances are strong you will get it too.

  • Age:- after the age of 45 there is increased risk because people tend to become less active. Lack of activity would slow down the metabolism and would lead to weight gain.

  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome:- is characterised by irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth and obesity. Along with all these symptoms insulin resistance is also seen.

  • Gestational diabetes:- those who develop diabetes during pregnancy can develop diabetes in later stages also. The kids born heavy and with mothers having history of diabetes during pregnancy also have increased risk of developing diabetes.

  • Areas of dark skin, usually in the armpits and neck:- indicates insulin resistance.

  • Body fat distribution: also triggers diabetes as fat deposited in abdomen area is not good.

  • Prediabetic condition: should be taken care of and should not be neglected.

COMPLICATIONS


  • Heart diseases: increased levels of glucose in blood increases risk of several heart diseases like stroke, blockage of arteries, high blood pressure etc

  • Damage to the nerves: high levels of glucose in the blood damages the nerves especially at the ends as the blood vessels supplying nourishment to them are also damaged. This neuropathy is especially seen in legs causing certain symptoms like burning and numbness in the tips of toes. Tingling is also felt by the patient with loss of sensation spreading upwards eventaully causing loss of all the senses.

  • Blood vessels: are also damaged throughout the body.

  • Erectile dysfunction: is also seen in men

  • Kidneys: are also damaged slowly as the small capillaries which filter the blood are injured by high levels of glucose

  • Foot complications: are also seen as the nerves and vessels both are damaged in the feet. Due to loss of sensation also injury can stay unnoticed and would become hard to heal. Further infections also would also take more time to heal up

  • Skin: is also damaged as chances of infection increases and healing is also compromised on first hand.

  • Pregnancy: During pregnancy high levels of glucose in blood are not good for the mother and the fetus too. Chences of birth defects are increased. Materenal health is also compromised badly.

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


Symptoms


  • Frequent urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Fatigue, tiredness
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Itching around the genitals
  • Slow healing cuts or wounds
  • Blurred vision
  • Excessive hunger

Causes


The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is not known.

Pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. Insulin is produced by the beta cells, but the cells cannot respond to it or utilize it properly this condition is known as insulin resistance. Sometimes, in response to insulin resistance, excessive insulin is produced by the beta cells. This exhausts them and lowers the production of this hormone significantly. Thus either of the conditions can be seen – insulin resistance or low insulin production.


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

Diagnosis


The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes can be done firstly by checking the levels of blood sugar. For this certain tests can be done:-

  • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test:- this blood tests shows your average blood sugar level from past 3 months

  • Random blood sugar test:- sugar levels are checked randomly at any  time.
  • Higher level (more than 200mg/dl) with appropriate symptoms point towards type 2 diabetes.

  • Fasting blood sugar test:- a blood sample is taken after an overnight fast. if fasting blood sugar is 126mg/dl or higher on two separate tests with appropriate symptoms point towards type 2 diabetes.

  • Oral glucose tolerance test:- this test is used during pregnancy not often use than the others. A glucose level is 200mg/dl or higher after 2 hours suggests diabetes.

Treatment


Treatment for type 2 diabetes give oral medications, injections, non insulin therapies, insulin pump therapy, blood sugar monitoring, titration of insulin. but these treatments are not permanent and safe. Thus homeopathic treatment is the best treatment for type 2 diabetes . Although in high sugar level cases allopathic medicines should be started along with homeopathic medicines for early control but depends on the case.


MANAGEMENT


  • Eat healthy food items only
  • Keep the diet nutitious, low fat, rich in fibers, whole grain, salads, fruits.
  • Keep carbohydrates and fats under check
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Managing blood pressure.
  • Managing cholesterol levels.
  • Stay active and do regular physical exercise.
  • Keep yourself hydrated
  • Stay motivated and do meditation

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


There are medicines like phosphoric acid, calendula, conium, plumbum, uranium nitricum, syzygium jambolanum, cephalandra etc which can treat type 1 diabetes mellitus . But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopathy has permanent cure for type 1 diabetes mellitus but proper case management is very essential


DO’s AND DON’Ts


Do’s


  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Do physical activity.
  • Stay motivated
  • Do meditation
  • Drink ample fluids
  • Maintain weight
  • Make smart choices in what you eat

Don’ts


  • Don’t eat sugary foods and beverages.
  • Don’t smoke.
  • Don’t take alcohol

 

HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE

WHAT IS PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID) ?


Pelvic inflammatory disease is infection of the female reproductive organs ( ovaries, Fallopian tubes, cervix and uterus). The infection first occurs in the vagina and over time the infection drags upwards to infect other pelvic organ. The bacteria commonly causing the infection are the same bacteria causing sexually transmitted diseases, gonorrhea etc.

In initial stages the disease stays unnoticed but over time it causes complications with conception and menstrual pain.


RISK FACTORS


  • History of STDs especially gonorrhea and chlamydia.
  • Prior episodes of PID
  • Having sex under the age of 25
  • Unprotected sex
  • Multiple sex partners
  • Having sex with a person having multiple sexual partners
  • Women who use an IUD for birth control
  • HIV infection
  • Douching is forceful washing of vagina with water. It disturbs the pH of vagina and thus balance of good versus bad bacteria as well.

COMPLICATIONS


The complications having in PID are:-

  • Pelvic cyst: due to repeated infection there could be collection of fluid in the Fallopian tubes forming cyst

  • Ruptured pelvic cyst: the cyst formed due to infection might burst as well

  • Shock and collapse: is also seen in many cases due to advanced infection

  • Scarring of the Fallopian tubes: is also seen due to repeated infection

  • Increased risk in later pregnancies

  • Adhesion: may also be seen due to infection with surrounding structures

  • Female infertility: due to adhesion and scarring in the Fallopian tubes

  • Chronic pelvic pain: is seen especially during menses due to adhesion

  • Recurrent PID infections

  • Inflammation of the liver surface

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Pelvic pain
  • Vaginal discharge with unpleasant odor
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding especially during and after sexual intercourse and in between menstrual cycle
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Fever and chills
  • Difficulty in urination
  • Irregular and Painful menses
  • Lower back pain

CAUSES

The infection can be caused by many bacteria but most common cause of PID is gonorrhea and chlamydia bacterial infection. These bacteria are usually acquired during unprotected sex. Bacteria can enter your reproductive tract anytime when the normal barrier created by the cervix is disturbed. This can happen after childbirth, miscarriage or abortion.


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


To diagnose PID the best method is

  • Laparoscopic examination
  • Ultrasound
  • Blood test
  • Urine test

These tests would show infection and imaging of the structures of the pelvis


TREATMENT


Treatment for PID is antibiotics along with treatment of the partner having the infection with the bacteria. Sexual intercourse should be avoided for sometime till the infection is treated completely .But chances of recurrence are always there. So Homeopathic treatment is the best treatment for PID which gives permanent cure for the infection.


MANAGEMENT


  • Use condom and practice safe sex.
  • Limit the number of sexual partners
  • Know about sexual history and current life of your partner
  • Opt for barrier method of contraception rather than pills or copper-t
  • Don’t do douching as it would harm the pH of the vagina
  • Get yourself tested if you suspect the infection in your case.
  • Maintain hygiene.

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


There are medicines like aconite, apis, arsenic album, belladonna, lachesis, platina, conium, palladium etc which can treat PID. But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopathy has permanent cure for PID.


DO’s AND DON’Ts


Do’s


  • Practicing safe sex
  • Getting tested for STIs
  • Adopting good hygiene habits
  • Use condoms as methods for contraception rather than pills or intra uterine devices
  • Know about your partner’s sexual activities
  • Get your partner tested.
  • Wait for appropriate age to begin your sexual life

Don’ts


  • Don’t practise douching
  • Don’t keep multiple sexual partners

 

HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS!!

WHAT IS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS ?


Type 1 diabetes mellitus is also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes, is a form of diabetes in which very little or no insulin is produced by the pancreas. Beta cells in the pancreas produce insulin and in type 1 diabetes the immune system destroys the beta cells thus either there is decreased levels of insulin or no insulin at all.

Insulin is na hormone that shift the glucose to the cells so that they can feed on glucose and work. But when levels of insulin are not as per the requirment then the glucose is not shifted to the cells and it is acumulated in the blood causing high blood sugar.


RISK FACTORS


The risk factors are:-

  • Family history- if you have relatives especially parents or siblings with type 1 diabetes, chances are strong you will get it too.

  • Diseases of the pancreas- they can slow its ability to make insulin.

  • Genes – certain genes increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes

  • Infection or illness- can damage your pancreas.

  • Age: it is called as juvenile as it is usally seen in children (peak seen at 4-7 years and 10-14 years of age), although it can occur at any age.

COMPLICATIONS


Type 1 diabetes can affect several vital organs in the body in long run (heart, nerves, kidneys, eyes, blood vessels, skin, hair etc) so keeping the levels of glucose in blood can help in preventing many complications associated with it

  • Damage to the nerves: high levels of glucose in the blood damages the nerves especially at the ends as the blood vessels supplying nourishment to them are also damaged. This neuropathy is especially seen in legs causing certain symptoms like burning and numbness in the tips of toes. Tingling is also felt by the patient with loss of sensation spreading upwards eventaully causing loss of all the senses.

  • Heart complications: are very much increased with uncontrolled blood glucose levels. High blood pressure, stroke, blockage of the arteries, myocardial infarction are complications of type 1 diabetes.

  • Blood vessels: are also damaged throughout the body.

  • Erectile dysfunction: is also seen in men

  • Kidneys: are also damaged slowly as the small capillaries which filter the blood are injured by high levels of glucose

  • Foot complications: are also seen as the nerves and vessels both are damaged in the feet. Due to loss of sensation also injury can stay unnoticed and would become hard to heal. Further infections also would also take more time to heal up

  • Skin: is also damaged as chances of infection increases and healing is also compromised on first hand.

  • Pregnancy: During pregnancy high levels of glucose in blood are not good for the mother and the fetus too. Chences of birth defects are increased. Materenal health is also compromised badly.

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


Symptoms:-


  • Increased hunger and thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred or unclear vision and problems with eye sight
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Weight loss without an apparent trigger or cause.
  • Skin sore and dry mouth.
  • Bed wetting in children

Causes:-


The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is not known but it is the immune system which is at fault as it starts to destroy the beta cells of the pancreas which produce insulin which controls the blood sugar levels.


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


Diagnosis:


The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes can be done firstly by checking the levels of blood sugar. For this certain tests can be done:

  • HbA1C: which shows the pattern of blood glucose from past 3 months

  • Random blood sugar: Glucose levels are checked randomly at any time. Higher levels (more than 200mg/dl) with appropriate symptoms point towards type 1 diabetes.

  • Fasting blood sugar

  • Autoantibodies for type 1 diabetes: in blood are Islet cell antibodies, glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies, insulin antibodies and protein tyrosine phosphate antibodies.

  • High levels of ketones: in urine are also suggestive of type 1 diabetes.

TREATMENT


Treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus taking injections, an insulin pump, artificial pancreas, high blood pressure medications, aspirin, cholesterol-lowering drugs blood sugar monitoring, but these treatments are not permanent and safe. Thus homeopathic treatment is the best treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus . ASlthough insulin shouyld be given first hand for controlling the situation along with homeopathic medicines.


MANAGEMENT


  • Eat healthy food items only
  • Keep the diet nutitious, low fat, rich in fibers, whole grain, salads, fruits.
  • Keep carbohydrates and fats under check
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Managing blood pressure.
  • Managing cholesterol levels.
  • Stay active and do regular physical exercise.
  • Keep yourself hydrated
  • Stay motivated and do meditation

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


There are medicines like phosphoric acid, calendula, conium, plumbum, uranium nitricum, syzygium jambolanum, cephalandra etc which can treat type 1 diabetes mellitus . But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopathy has permanent cure for type 1 diabetes mellitus but proper case management is very essential


DO’s AND DON’Ts


Do’s:-


  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Do physical activity.
  • Stay motivated
  • Do meditation
  • Drink ample fluids
  • Maintain weight
  • Make smart choices in what you eat

Don’ts:-

  • Don’t eat sugary foods and beverages.
  • Don’t smoke.
  • Don’t take alcohol

 

homeopathic treatment of corns!!

WHAT IS CORNS ?


Corns tend to develop at the pressure points of the body like the bottom part of your feet and along the border of your toe. It is thick, hardened skin that develop in the areas exposed to repeated friction and pressure. Corns could be unsighted but they can turn very painful.


RISK FACTORS


  • Bunions: are bumps in the big toe which deranges the shape of big toe. Repeated friction by shoe would cause corn formation.
  • Poorly fitting shoes: if shoes are not as per the shape of the foot than corns mnay develop at the areas of friction.
  • Certain occupations, such as farmers or garden workers.
  • Hammertoe: is a deformity of the toe making the toes clawed thus wopuld cause friction by the shoes.
  • Hand gloves: should be used while handling tools to avoid friction.

COMPLICATIONS


  • Pain
  • Sore feet
  • Septic arthritis
  • Fungal infection

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


Signs and symptoms of corn:-

  • Hard and thick area of skin
  • Rounded or conical appearance of bump on the skin
  • Dry, scaly, or flaky skin on the corn
  • Pain in corns
  • If they appear on feet then interfere with walking

CAUSES


  • Anything that causes pressure or friction on skin.
  • Shoes that are too tight or too high-heeled, causing pressure
  • Skipping socks
  • Using hand tools or playing with instrument.

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


The diagnosis can be made by observing the characteristic changes in the skin. Specialized tests are not necessary.


TREATMENT


Treatment for corn is self care, surgery but these treatments are not permanent and safe. Thus homeopathic treatment is the best treatment for Corn.


MANAGEMENT


  • Patient should be advised to maintain hygiene
  • Don’t tough corns  of other people.
  • Use comfortable shoes that give your toes plenty of room.
  • Use protective covering.
  • Wear padded gloves while using hand tools.

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


There are medicines like antim crud, sulphur, ferrum picric, Lyco, silicea  etc which can remove the corn completely without recurrence. But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopathy has permanent cure for corn.


DO’s AND DON’Ts


Do’S


  • Keep the corns dry to prevent spread.
  • Use comfortable shoes that give your toes plenty of room.
  • Use protective covering.
  • Wear padded gloves while using hand tools.

Don’ts


  • Don’t pick or scratch the corns.
  • Don’t touch someones corn.

Homeopathic treatment of gout!!

WHAT IS GOUT ?


Gout is a common form of arthritis where people face swelling and severe pain in their joints. It is seen in people who have buildup of uric acid in the joints especially the big toe. Uric acid is recieved in the body as a by product of purines we eat in our food (many food items we eat on daily basis have purines). When there is abnormality in handling the uric acid in the body, it starts to get deposited in the joints especially of the feet to form needle like crystalized structures. This deposition would cause sudden attack of arthritis including intense pain, swelling, redness and heat of the joint. The attacks of gout keep returning back damaging the tissues slowly in the joints.


Types of Gout :-


  1. Asymptomatic hyperuricemia:- in this stage, people may not experience any symptoms and is prior to the first attack. In this the crystals get deposited in and around joint slowly.

  2. Acute gout:- this is the stage where individuals experience discomfort in their joints and gout attack suddenly at night.

  3. Interval gout:- this is the stage between the attacks and people in this stage may not have any symptoms.

  4. Chronic gout:- in this stage individuals experience frequent attacks of gout due to elevated uric acid levels. If not controlled your joint may get damaged.

  5. Pseudogout: has same symptoms as gout but in pseudogout calcium phosphate crystals irritate the joints rather than uric acid crystals.

RISK FACTORS


Risk factors of gout are:-

  • Age: Men develope gout earlier than women. Men develop gout at age of 30-50 as men have high levels of uric acid but female develop high uric acid after menopause.

  • Gender: Males are more commonly affected as they have high levels of uric acid as compared to females.

  • Family history of gout: if you have family history of gout than its more likely for you to develop it.

  • Excess consumption of alcohol: also increases risk of developing gout.

  • Diet: rich in meat, sea food, sweetened drinks increase production of uric acid.

  • Obesity: being overweight produces more uric acid and kidneys also are not able to eliminate uric acid well.

  • Injury to joint: can also trigger uric acid deposition in the joint.

  • Certain medications: for treating hypertension, heart disease, diabetes can cause increase in levels of uric acid.

  • Certain diseases: like hypertension, diabetes, kidney diseases etc would trigger more uric acid formation and mal handling of the uric acid by the kidneys.

COMPLICATIONS


  • Recurrence: of symptoms damage the joint badly

  • Tophi nodules: if gout is left untreated then uric acid crystals start to deposit under the skin forming nodules known as tophi nodules which can develop anywhere (usually fingers, hands, feet, elbows, back of ankles). These nodules are not painful but become tender during the attack of gout.

  • Kidney stones: uric acid may get deposited in the kidneys also and would form stones.

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  • Gout can attack you suddenly without any prior warning
  • It attacks in the nights
  • Sudden onset of severe pain in joints especially in the big toe but can affect fingers, hands, wrists, elbows, ankles etc.
  • Inflammation in the joint
  • Redness, warmth and stiffness in the joint
  • Reduced range of motion

CAUSES


Gout is caused by deposition of urate crystals in the joints. Urate crystals are deposited when levels of uric acid is high in the blood. More so either the body is producing more uric acid or the kidneys are not able to excrete the uric acid well. Both would cause more uric acid in blood


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


Diagnosis is based on:

  • Symptoms: symptomatic presentation of inflammation, tenderness, redness, swelling and stiffness of joints point towards gout.

  • Joint fluid test: aspiration of fluid from the affected joint and study of the fluid under microscope would show urate crystals.

  • Blood test:high levels of uric acid in blood indicate gout with the symptoms.

  • X-ray imaging: would also help in confirming the diagnosis.

  • Ultrasound: visualisation of urate crystals and tophi in the joint affected.

  • Dual energy CT scan: is a costly and less used procedure for diagnosing gout but it can detect urate cyrstals even without the flare ups of gout.

TREATMENT


Conventional treatment for gout includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids but these treatments are not permanent and safe. These drugs have side effects of their own. Thus homeopathic treatment is the best treatment for gout as it has no side effects and gives permanent cure as well.


MANAGEMENT


  • Miantain weight: as per your height and age. Weight management would not even help with management of the symptoms but would prevent them from getting worse.

  • Limit or quit alcohol: especially beer as it increases uric acid formation in the body.

  • Limit meat, proteins and polutary: as more of these would give more purines to the body and ultimately uric acid levels would rise.

  • Hydration: is very important so keep yourself well hydrated.

  • Avoid sweetened drinks

  • Avoid over exertion of the joint during the attack phase.

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT

There are medicines like benzoic acid, berberis vulgaris, colchicum, ledum, lycopodium, rhododendron, calcarea fluor, belladonna, arnica. But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopathy has permanent cure for Gout


DO’s AND DON’Ts


Do’s


  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Maintain a desirable body weight so opt for weight loss if you are overweight
  • maintain diet as per the condition
  • Do regular exercise except during the attack phase.

Don’ts


  • Don’t drink alcohol or carbonated drinks
  • Don’t eat meat, fish and poultry much
  • Don’t smoke
  • Don’t irritate the joint affected
  • Don’t take sweetened drinks

 

HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF HYPERTHYROIDISM!!

WHAT IS HYPERTHYROIDISM ?


Thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped, small sized gland situated in front side of the neck. Thyroid gland produces thyroxine hormones T3 & T4 which regulate the metabolism of the body. Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which thyroid is overactive and there is  excessive production of thyroid hormones (T3 & T4) by the thyroid gland.  Since the thyroid hormones regulate the metabolism of the body thus each and every organ is affected by it including the heart beat as well.


RISK FACTORS


Risk factors of hyperthyroidism include:

  • SEX: female sex is more prone to develop hyperthyroidism than male sex
  • AGE: if you are above 60 then chances are more
  • FAMILY HISTORY: of hyperthyroidism or any other auto-immune disorder would increases the chances of developing hyperthyroidism.
  • EXCESS IODINE: eating more iodine in diet or medicines containing iodine would also cause more thyroid hormone production.
  • CERTAIN DISEASES: like type 1 diabetes, pernecious anaemia and adrenal insufficiency.
  • POST PREGNANCY: there are chances that you might develop hyperthyroidism.

COMPLICATIONS


Hyperthyroidism can cause many complications :

  • Atrial Fibrilation: is a condition in which heart rate is rapid and rhythm is also disturbed. This is the most common complication of hyperthyroidism. This increases the reisk of stroke and heart failure.

  • Osteoporosis: hyperthyroidism if left untreated then interfere with calcium deposition in the bone making them weak and brittle.

  • Graves ophthalmopathy: is an autoimmune disorder in which antibodies are produced by the immune system to produce more thyroid hormones. This includes problems related to the eyes- poor vision, bulging of eyes, redness, swelling and senstivity to light. This may affect skin also causing redness and swelling.

  • Thyrotoxic crisis: may also occur when there is sudden increase in hormones causing sudden intensified symptoms.

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


The signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism are:-

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Increased appetite and weakness
  • Irregular and rapid heart beat with palpitations
  • Nervousness, anxiety and restlessness
  • Itching and hair loss, hair become thin and brittle
  • Difficulty sleeping and dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Breast development in men
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • Irregular menses
  • Increased bowel movements
  • Graves ophthalmopathy causing bulging of eyes and vision problems
  • Unhealthy skin

CAUSES


A variety of conditions can cause hyperthyroidsm:

  • Graves disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. It is an auto immune disorder in which antibodies are formed by the immune system to produce more thyroid hormones thus thyroid becomes over active.

  • Overactive thyroid nodules: are non-cancerous lumps in the thyroid which produce more thyroid hormones.

  • Inflammation of thyroid: would also produce more thyroid hormones.

  • Consumption: if consumption of iodine is more then also thyroid gland would be overactive.

  • Post pregnancy: also thyroid may become over active.

  • Too much medicines: for hypothyroidism.

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


To diagnose hyperthyroidism following things can be done:

  • Symptoms: typical symptoms of hyperthyroidim would help in diagnosing it

  • Examination of thyroid gland: thyroid gland is enlarged in hyperthyroidism thus would be palpable on examination.

  • Blood test: levels of TSH, T3 and T4 in blood.

  • Radioiodine uptake test: the more the thyroid gland picks up the radioiodine the more active it is.

  • Thyroid scan after injecting radioactive isotope

  • Thyroid ultrasound: would help in detecting thyroid nodules

TREATMENT


Conventional treatment for hyperthyroidism include radioactive iodine, anti-thyroid medications, beta blockers, surgery(thyroidectomy) but these treatments are not permanent and safe. Thus homeopathic treatment is the best treatment for hyperthyroidism.


MANAGEMENT


Management of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Advice on regular exercise should be given to the patient to help the patient improve generally.
  • Healthy dietwould help in maintaining weight and metabolism
  • Meditation and relaxation techniques would help releasing stress and would maintain mental well being
  • Smoking: should be discontinued
  • Maintain hygiene of eye and keep them lubricated.

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


There are medicines like natrum mur, sepia, calcarea carb, kali carb, thyroidinum, completely without recurrence. But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopathy has permanent cure  for Hyperthyroidism.


DO’s AND DON’Ts


Do’s


  • Avoid food items high in iodine.
  • Do regular physical exercise.
  • Eat healthy diet.
  • Take plenty of water.
  • Do meditation

Don’ts


  • Don’t ignore the condition
  • Don’t smoke.

 

Homeopathic treatment of peptic ulcer!!

WHAT IS PEPTIC ULCER?


Digestive juices help in digestion of food but when these digestive juices damage the membrane of the digestive tract then sore areas develop which are called as peptic ulcers. A peptic ulcer may develop in lining of the lower oesophagus, stomach or duodenum. thus called as oesophageal, gastric and duodenal ulcer respectively.


RISK FACTORS


  • NSAIDS– repeated use of NSAIDS irritate the wall of the stomach thus increase the acid secretion.

  • Stress although is not the direct cause for peptic ulcer but obviously makes the condition worse in patients with ulcers.

  • Smoking may increase the risk of ulcer formation and cases which already have the erossion then smoking aggravates the condition further.

  • Alcohol can irritate and erode the mucous lining of your stomach by increasing acid production.

  • Eating spicy food also makes the ulcers worse although doesnot cause ulcer formation directly.

COMPLICATIONS


  • Perforation: the ulcer if left untreated then may grow to the deeper layers of the stomach and would ultimately perforate the wall of the stomach.

  • The perforation would further cause inflammation of the surrounding structures causing peritonitis.

  • Internal bleeding from the ulcer.

  • Slow longstanding bleeding from the ulcer would cause anaemia.

  • Due to repeated inflammation and scarring at the site of ulcer; bloackage may occur thus obstructing food passage and regurgitation of food eaten.

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


Although its not uncommon for people having ulcers to stay without any symptoms but following are the indicative symptoms of peptic ulcer:

  • The most common symptoms of the peptic ulcer is pain which is localized to the upper abdomen from the belly button to the chest bone.
  • The pain is burning type of pain which is worse at night and in between meals.
  • Regurgitation of the food eaten.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • weight loss
  • loss of appetite
  • Easy satiety with small amounts of food.
  • Blood in vomiting or in stool.

CAUSES


  • H pylori infection is usually the most important cause of the ulcer formation as the bacteria lives in the mucous membrane of the stomach wall of infected person thus causing inflammation of the stomach wall. This causes ulcer formation.
  • Pain killers if taken for long irritate the wall of the stomach promoting ulcer formation.
  • Smoking, alcohol, stress and spicy food although doesn’t cause ulcer formation but make the condition worse.

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


Symptomatical presentation of the case helps in indications towards peptic ulcer. To further diagnose the condition:

  • Ammonia breath test for H pylori would confirm presence of the bacteria in the body. Blood or stool test can be done for ammonia but breath test is more reliable.

  • Endoscopy would help in visualisation of the wall of the stomach thus confirming the diagnosis.

  • Barium swallow followed by x ray would also diagnose the peptic ulcer.

TREATMENT


Conventional treatment includes  eradication of H pylori by several antibiotics. Antacids are given to neutralise the acid produced in the stomach.

Further treatment includes inhibiting acid production by blocking the receptors for acid production. But these treatments are not permanent and peptic ulcer relapses so homeopathic treatment is far superior for treatment of the ulcer which is permanent too.


MANAGEMENT


  • Dietary management: increasing probiotics in diet like yogurt, coconut water would help in keeping the environment in the stomach favourable. Further adding vitamin A and C would also help.

  • Eating habbits: should be improved. Split the meals in small regular meals rather than eating at long intervals and alot at once. Don’t stay empty stomach for long as acid secretion empty stoach would make the condition worse.

  • Drink enough water but not excess also.

  • Limit milk in diet as it would increase the acid production.

  • Limit pain killers as it would further complicate the situation.

  • Sleep schedule: should be maintained, sleep on time amd get up on time as this would regulate the body functions and ultimately maintain acid production.

  • Quit smoking: as it would help in improving the symptoms.

  • Limit or stop alcohol: intake as well so that the wall of the stomach can be protected from irritation.

  • Maintain stress: do yoga and meditation.

  • Don’t wear tight belt around waist.

  • Keep head end of your bed high while sleeping.

  • Homeopathy would help alot in managing a case of peptic ulcer.

HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


Homoeopathic medicines like argentum nitricum, nux vomica, kali bichromicum, lycopodium, carbo veg, hydrastis canadensis, graphities, phosphorus etc have wondrous results in treatment of peptic ulcers but constitutional approach should be sought for choosing the medicine by the doctor for permanent relief.


DO’s AND DON’Ts


Do’s


  • Eat healthy diet.
  • Keep yourself hydrated.
  • Add vitamin A & C to the diet
  • Limit milk in diet
  • Add probiotics to your diet
  • Have enough sleep and keep the sleep schedule on time.
  • Do meditation to manage stress.

Don’ts

  • Don’t smoke
  • Don’t take alcohol or carbonated drinks
  • Don’t wear tight clothes around waist
  • Don’t stay up till late at night.

 

HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF SEBACEOUS CYSTS!!

WHAT IS SEBACEOUS CYST ?


Sebaceous cysts are common non cancerous cysts of the skin which grow slowly under the skin and is easily movable. The primary symptom of a sebaceous cyst is a bump that can occur on any part of the body and the cyst may contain liquid or semiliquid material. Although the cysts are not life threatening but may become uncomfortable if the size grows much. The sebaceous cyst may be epidermoid (originating from the skin) or pilar cyst (originating from the hair follicles). Sebaceous cysts can be found anywhere in the body except for palms and soles. The usual size of a sebaceous cyst varies from 1cm to 5cm.


RISK FACTORS


Sebaceous cyst has no relation with age, race and ethnicity. risk factors for sebaceous cyst includes:

  • Injury to skin, wounds or surgery
  • Using steroids
  • Testosterone administration
  • Acne can also lead to formation of sebaceous cyst

COMPLICATIONS


Complications of sebaceous cysts are:

  • The cyst may get infected causing pain
  • The cyst can also rupture
  • The cyst can also show inflammation which increases the comolications

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  • Sebaceous cyst is a small bump seen under the skin and is usually found on the face, neck, scalp, trunk, back where they can be easily seen except for palms and soles
  • Sebaceous cysts are often filled with keratin with a blackhead at the centre.
  • Sebaceous cyst is usually soft to touch and vary from size from 1cm to 5cm.
  • Small sebaceous cysts are mostly painless but larger cysts can be uncomfortable or painful especially when infected.
  • Hair also disappear from the area of sebaceous cyst.

CAUSES


Sebaceous cyst originate from the sebaceous glands. The glands secrete the oily matter (sebum) that helps to lubricate the skin and the hair. When these glands are obstructed then secretions are accumulated inside producing sebaceous cysts. Sebaceous cysts can also arise from hair follicles also.


DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


Visual examination is enough to diagnosis of sebaceous cyst. Further investigations can confirm the diagnosis.

  • Study of the cell scrapping from the skin above the cyst can help in diagnosis.
  • Ultrasounds help to identify the contents of the cyst.
  • CT scans help to find the route for the surgery and to spot abnormalities.
  • Punch biopsy which involves removal of a small amount of tissue from the cyst to be examined in a laboratory for signs of cancer.

TREATMENT


Conventional treatment for Sebaceous cyst include surgery, antibiotic ointment, minimal excision,laser with punch biopsy excision but these treatments are not permanent as they can regrow and come back in more fierce form. Thus homeopathic treatment is best treatment for Sebaceous cyst.


MANAGEMENT


  • Maintain hygiene and keep the area clean.
  • Don’t scratch or irritate the cyst by friction.
  • Don’t squeeze or prick the cyst
  • In the area of cyst avoid tight clothing

HOMEOPATHY MANAGEMENT


There are medicines like agaricus, baryta carb, benzoic acid, calcarea carb, calcarea fluor, graphities, hepar sulph, lycopodium, silica, thuja etc which can remove the Sebaceous cyst completely without recurrence. But medicine depends on the presentation of the case and should never be taken without consulting a registered homeopath. Homeopathy has permanent cure Sebaceous cyst.


DO’s  AND DON’Ts


DO’s


  • Maintain hygiene and keep the cyst area clean
  • Take healthy diet

Don’ts


  • Cysts drain naturally so don’t squeeze the cyst.
  • Don’t wear tight clothes
  • Avoid friction or scratching over the cyst.

 

HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF KELOIDS

WHAT ARE KELOIDS ?


Keloids are overgrowth of scar tissue after an injury has been healed. Fibrous tissues are formed over the wounds to repair the injury. But sometimes extra scar tissue grows over the healed injury forming hard smooth growths called as keloids.

However keloids can appear at any part of the body but most commonly keloids appear on chest, earlobes, shoulders, jawline. Though keloids have no harmful effect over the body but it causes cosmetic concerns.


RISK FACTORS


  • Keloids are common in men and women.
  • Keloids are less common in children and the elder.
  • Melanin also has direct relation with keloids as people with darker skin are more develop them.
  • In some cases,the tendency to from keloids seems to run in families.
  • People with blood group A are more prone to develop keloids as compared to other blood groups.

    COMPLICATIONS


There is no complication as such but sometimes due to trauma the keloid may be predisposed to localized bacterial infection.


SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


SYMPTOMS


  • Keloids are raised, shiny and dome-shapedgrowth.
  • The color may vary from pink to red.
  • Some keloids are quite large and unsightly.
  • Keloids may have itching also.
  • Swollen blood vessels in the skin.

CAUSES


  • A keloid is caused by an excess of a protein (collagen) in the skin during healing.
  • Keloids are a variation of the normal skin’s healing process, usually deep skin wounds, upon trauma.
  • Excessive proliferation of normal tissue result in keloids.
  • Any skin injury may contribute to keloid formation like acne scars, piercings, chickenpox scars, surgery scars, vaccination sites etc.

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT


DIAGNOSIS


Visual appearance is enough for diagnosing a keloids.Keloids are often lumpy or ridged. The scar rises after an injury or condition has healed. Keloids develop most often on the chest, back, shoulder, and earlobes. They seldom develop on the face except for jawline.


TREATMENT


Conventional treatment includes surgery, laser, cryotherapy, cortiosteroid injections, radiation, silicone gel or sheeting. But they seldom help and sometimes make the situation worse as the keloid reappears and sometimes double in size. So homeopathic medicines are best option for treatment of keloids.


MANAGEMENT


 

  • If the body has tendency for keloid formation then injuries should be avoided that could lead to scarring.
  • Patient should be advised to use pressure pads or silicone pads on the injury areas.
  • Over exposure to sun should be avoided by the patient as melanin reduction would make the situation worse.
  • Avoid further trauma to the keloid
  • Don’t cut the keloid.
  • Take homeopathic medicines.

 


HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT


Homoeopathic medicines like thiosinaminum, graphites, silicea, nitric acid, fluoric acid, causticum, calendula etc have wondrous results in treatment of such cases depending on the case and the patient. Medicines should always be taken after consulting the doctor.


DO’s AND DON’Ts


Do’s


  • Apply a protective silicone sheet or pressure pads over the affected area.
  • Use sunscreen while going out in sun.
  • Take healthy diet.
  • keep the keloid moisturised.

Don’ts:-

  • Don’t make incisions across joints, which are high stress area for skin.
  • Don’t make tight sutures as it would increase tension at wound site and may trigger overscarring.
  • Don’t get the keloids further traumatized as it would increase the size of the keloids.
  • Don’t go for surgical removal of keloids or for corticosteroids.